奔驰宝马游戏中心

您现在的位置:奔驰宝马游戏中心 > 奔驰宝马游戏中心 > 行业信息 >

联系我们

广东信桥科技发展有限公司地址:广东省佛山市南海区桂城南海大道北51号财汇大厦9楼905室电话:0757-86327721
传真:0757-86327720

奔驰宝马游戏中心/ News center

疏堵结合,促进龙岩市畜牧业健康持续发展的思

2010-03-13

LONGYANSHISHIFUJIANSHENGCHUMUYESHENGCHANHEWAIXIAODASHI。CHUMUYEDEKUAISUFAZHANZAIFANRONGNONGCUNJINGJI、ZENGJIANONGMINSHOURUDETONGSHI,BUTONGCHENGDUDIDAILAIHUANJINGWURANWENTI。YOUQISHISHENGZHUCHANYEDEKUAISUFAZHAN,ZAOCHENGJUBUQUYUWURANYANZHONG,BUFENXIHELIUYUSHUIZHIGONGNENGDABIAOLVDI,YINQIGEJIZHENGFUDEGAODUGUANZHU,CHENGWEISHEHUIDEREDIANWENTI。RUHECAIQU“SHUDUJIEHE”DEYANGZHIYEWURANZONGHEZHENGZHICUOSHI,CUJINCHUMUYESHENGCHANYUHUANJINGBAOHUHEXIEFAZHAN,BENWENZAIDIAOCHAYANJIUDEJICHUSHANG,FENXICHENGYIN,TICHUDUICECUOSHI。

YI、LONGYANSHICHUMUYEFAZHANXIANZHUANGJICHENGXIAO

JINNIANLAI,LONGYANSHICHUMUYEZAISHIWEI、SHIZHENGFUDEZHENGQUELINGDAOXIA,ZONGHESHENGCHANNENGLIBUDUANTIGAO,WEINONGYENONGCUNJINGJIDEFAZHANHENONGMINZENGSHOUFAHUILEZHONGYAOZUOYONG。2008NIAN,QUANSHISHIXIANCHUMUYECHANZHI85.8YIYUAN,ZHANNONGLINMUYUZONGCHANZHIDE45.29%;CHUMUYEZENGJIAZHI48.45YIYUAN,ZHANQUANSHIGDPBIZHONGDE7.2%;ROUDANNAIZONGCHANLIANG42.04WANDUN,SHENGZHUCHULAN457WANTOU,JIAQINCHULONG2942WANYU,TUCHULAN596.85WANZHI。ZAICHUMUYENEIBUJIEGOUZHONG,SHENGZHUCHANYESUOZHANBIZHONGDA,SHIWOSHIDEYOUSHICHANYE。2008NIANGUOJIAJIANGLIWOSHENG7GESHENGZHUDIAOCHUDAXIANZHONGWOSHIZHANLE5GE。MUQIAN,QUANSHIYOUSHENGZHUGUIMOYANGZHICHANG(NIANCHULAN100TOUYISHANG)14000DUOHU,ZHANSHENGZHUCHULANZONGSHUDE70%,QIZHONGNIANCHULANQIANTOUYISHANGZHUCHANG1173GE。QUANSHICHUMUYECHANYEHUALONGTOUQIYE28JIA,QIZHONGGUOJIAJILONGTOUQIYE1JIA,YESHIDANONGYEZHONGDEWEIYI1JIA。2008NIAN,NONGMINLAIZICHUMUYEDEXIANJINSHOURU2005.35YUAN,ZHANNONGMINXIANJINZONGSHOURUDE29.3%;2009NIANSHANGBANNIANQUANSHINONGMINXIANJINSHOURU2883YUAN,QIZHONGCHUMUYEXIANJINSHOURU905.42YUAN,ZHANXIANJINZONGSHOURUDE31.4%,SHINONGMINXIANJINSHOURUDEDIYILAIYUAN。CHUMUYEDEFAZHANHAIDAIDONGLESILIAOJIAGONG、YUNSHUWULIU、JIANCAI、JIXIEZHIZAODENGXIANGGUANCHANYEFAZHAN。BINGJIEJUELEYIDAPINONGCUNLAODONGLIJIUYEWENTI,CHENGWEILONGYANSHINONGCUNJINGJIFAZHANDEZHIZHUCHANYE。

二、龙岩市养殖业污染主要原因及治理成效

(一)原因:

养殖业生产对环境的污染主要指臭气、粉尘、病原微生物、生产生活污水、粪便及未消化吸收的有机物和矿物质等的处理不当而对空气、水体和土壤的污染。养殖业污染的主要原因是对产生的废弃物处理不当。主要表现在:

1、养殖户环保意识不强

养殖户环保意识薄弱,是造成养殖业污染的最主要原因。近五年来,在利益的驱动下,龙岩市畜禽养殖,尤其是生猪规模养殖逐年较大幅度的增加,养殖户在建场过程中,环保意识不强,存在重生产轻治理的思想。绝大部分养殖场,既没有办理审批手续,更没有办理环评手续。污染治理设施投入严重不足,不少小规模场无治污设施,污水直排,给周围环境、溪流水体造成污染。

2、政策和效益影响大

2007NIAN,ZAIQUANGUOSHENGZHUHUOYUANJINJIAGEGAODEZHUANGKUANGXIA,GUOJIACHUTAILEYIXILIEFUCHISHENGZHUCHANYEFAZHANDEZHENGCE,BINGQIANGDIAO“RENHEDIFANGBUDEYIXINNONGCUNJIANSHEHUOZHENGZHIHUANJINGWEIYOUJINZHIHEXIANZHISHENGZHUSIYANG”(GUOFA〔2007〕22HAO),GUOTUZIYUANBU、NONGYEBUCHUTAI“CHUQINSHEDENGSHENGCHANSHESHIJILVHUAGELIDAIYONGDI,ANZHAONONGYEYONGDIGUANLI,BUXUBANLINONGYONGDIZHUANYONGSHENPISHOUXU”DEZHENGCE。YOUYUSHENGZHUGONGBUYINGQIU,JIAGEYILUPANSHENG,XIAOYICHENGBEIZENGJIA。ZAIZHENGCEHAO、ZHUJIASHENG、XIAOYIGAODECIJIXIA,YANGZHUHUJIJIXINGKONGQIANGAOZHANG,WEILEZHUIQIUJINGJILIYI,DALIANGBULAN,MANFUHESHENGCHAN。XUDUOCONGSHIER、SANCHANYEDELAOBAN、WAICHUDAGONGRENYUANTOUZIJIANSHEGUIMOYANGZHUCHANG。XINJIAN、KUOJIANYANGZHUCHANGXUNSUZENGJIA,SHENZHICHUXIANWEIGUIQIANGJIAN、KUOJIANYANGZHUCHANGDEXIANXIANG,DAILAILONGYANSHISHENGZHUSIYANGLIANGDAFUZENGJIA,BUFENDIFANG、JUBUQUYUCHAOCHENGZAILIANGSHENGCHAN。

3、畜牧业内部结构不合理

受传统消费习惯的影响,我国大部分地方肉食消费都以猪肉为主。“六畜兴旺猪为首”。加上龙岩市规模养猪技术成熟,服务到位,带来耗粮型、污染大的生猪产业在畜牧业中的比重居高不下,节粮型、草食动物所占比重小。据统计,2008年,全市牛羊鹅兔等草食动物饲养量分别仅为17.64万头、4.6万只、4.29万羽和270.98万只,年总产值为4.6亿元,约占畜牧业总产值的4.6%。

4、属地管理不到位

SHI、XIAN、XIANG、CUNSIJIDECHUMUYEFAZHANBUJUGUIHUAYU2004NIAN10YUEDIZHIQIANDOUYIZHIDING,BINGHUADINGLECHUQINYANGZHIJINYANGQU、JINJIANQUHESHIDUYANGZHIQU。TONGSHIGEXIAN(SHI、QU)YEZHIDINGLEXINJIANYANGZHICHANGSHENPIZHIDU,DANYINSHUDIGUANLIZHIXINGBUYAN、BUDAOWEI。YIXIEDIFANGTEBIESHIYIXIEXIANGZHEN、CUNWEINENGANBUJUGUIHUADEGUIDINGYANGEBAGUAN,TEBIESHIDUIXINJIANGUIMOYANGZHUCHANGSHENPIBUDAOWEI,ZAOCHENGLEBUFENXIANG、CUNQIANGJIAN、KUOJIANGUIMOYANGZHUCHANGDEXIANXIANGFASHENG。

5监管难以到位

MUQIAN,CONGGUOJIAFALV、FAGUICENGMIANSHANGDUICHUQINYANGZHIWURANFANGZHI,SHENGZHUZHIDUICUNLAN500TOUYISHANGDEGUIMOYANGZHUCHANGZUOCHULEJUTIDEFAGUIGUIDING。ERLONGYANSHIZHENZHENGZAOCHENGHUANJINGWURANDEJIBENSHANGSHICUNLAN500TOUYIXIADEGUIMOYANGZHICHANG。TONGSHIYOUYULONGYANSHISHENGZHUCUNLAN50TOUYISHANGDEGUIMOZHUCHANGYOU14000DUOGE,QIEDADUOSHUJIANZAIPIANYUANSHANQU。MIANDUIDIANDUO、LIANGDA、FENSANDEGUIMOYANGZHICHANG,ZAIMUQIANZHENGFUYOUGUANZHINENGBUMENXIANYOUJIANGUANLILIANGDEQINGKUANGXIA,JIANGUANNANDUDA,NANYIDAOWEI。

6、治理资金投入严重不足

YIFANGMIANYANGZHICHANGYEZHUDUIHUANBAOSHESHITOURUYANZHONGBUZU。FADAGUOJIAYANGZHUCHANGYIBANYONGYUHUANBAODETOUZIZHANTOUZIZONGEDE20-25%,ERLONGYANSHIDADUOSHUGUIMOZHUCHANGDUIHUANBAODETOURUBUZU10%。LINGYIFANGMIAN,YOUYULISHIYUANYINHEGUIHUAZHIXINGBULI、JIANGUANBUDAOWEI,JINYANGQUHEJINJIANQUZHILIBUDABIAODEGUIMOYANGZHICHANGDOUXUYAOGUANBI、CHAICHU、ZHILI,ZHENGFUXUYAOTOURUDAEBUCHANGZIJIN,CHOUCUOZHILIZIJINNANDUDA。

(二)成效:

SUIRANZAIYANGZHIYEWURANZHILIFANGMIANCUNZAIBUSHAODEWENTIHEKUNNAN,DANLONGYANSHIGEJIZHENGFUJIXIANGGUANZHINENGBUMENSHIZHONGJIANCHIDUOCUOBINGJU,JIANCHIBUXIEDIZHUAHAOCHUMUYEWURANZHILIGONGZUO,BINGQUDEKEXIDECHENGXIAO。TONGGUODAZHANGQIGUDIXUANCHUAN、DAFANWEIDIPEIXUN、SHENRUXIANCHANGJISHUZHIDAO、DALITUIXING“ZHUZHAOGUO(CAO、LIN)”DENGZHONGYANGJIEHEDESHENGTAIYANGZHIMOSHI、DAGUIMODISHISHISHENGZHUBIAOZHUNHUACHANGJIANSHE、TUIGUANGSHENGWUFAJIAOCHUANGZHIWUJISHUDENGCUOSHI。GUANGDAYANGZHIHUSHENGTAIHUANBAOYISHIDEDAOJINYIBUDETISHENG,YANGZHICHANGHUANBAOSHESHIJIANSHEDEDAOJINYIBUDEWANSHAN,ZHONGYANGJIEHEDESHENGTAIYANGZHIYICHENGWEIDADUOSHUGUIMOYANGZHICHANGYEZHUDEGONGSHI。MUQIAN,QUANSHISHISHIZHONGYANGJIEHEDESHENGTAIYANGZHICHANG7000DUOJIA,SHENGTAIYANGZHIBILIDA62%。YOUQISHIJINNIANYILAI,SHIZHENGFUXIADAJUEXIN,ZONGHEZHENGZHIZHONGDIANLIUYUSHUIHUANJING,GONGZUOLIDUZHIDA,QIANSUOWEIYOU。DAO7YUEDI,JIULONGJIANGLIUYU(LONGYANDUAN)GONGGUANBI、CHAICHUJINYANGQUNEISHENGZHUYANGZHICHANG9831HU,CHAICHUMIANJI163.3WANPINGFANGMI,QINGLANSHENGZHU75.1WANTOU。SUIZHEXIABANNIANTINGJIANG、MINJIANG、MEIJIANGLIUYUSHUIHUANJINGZONGHEZHENGZHIGONGZUODEZHANKAI,YANGZHIYEWURANZHILIGONGZUOBIJIANGQUDEXINDECHENGXIAO。

三、对策、措施

CHUQINYANGZHIWURANSHIXIANDAICHUMUYEFAZHANZHONGDEJIEDUANXINGWENTI,ZHIYAOGEJIZHENGFUGAODUZHONGSHI,WANSHANZHENGCEFAGUI,CAIQU“DUSHUJIEHE”DEZONGHEZHENGZHIZHANGXIAOJIZHI,YANGZHIYEWURANWENTISHINENGGOUDEDAOGENBENJIEJUEDE。

(一)正确认识和处理畜牧业发展与环境保护的关系

CHUMUYESHISHUYUDANONGYEDEFANCHOU,DALIFAZHANXIANDAICHUMUYESHIWOGUODEJIDINGZHENGCE。“ZHULIANGANTIANXIA”,SHENGZHUCHANPINGONGYINGGUANXIGUOJIMINSHENG,YULIANGSHIYIYANGSHUYUWOGUODETESHUCHANPIN、ZHANLVEWUZI。

CHUMUYESHICHENGGONGQINONGDEZHONGZHOUCHANYE,TASHANGLIANCHUCHANPINJIAGONGYE,XIADAISILIAOGONGYE、ZHONGZHIYE,BUJINKEYIZHUANHUALIANGSHI,ERQIENENGGOUJIANGRENLEIBUNENGZHIJIELIYONGDE,YUEZHANZUOWUZONGCHANLIANGDE3/4DEJIEGAN、BINGPO、FUPI、ZAOZHADENGNONGFUCHANPIN、MUCAO,YIZUIJIANDANDEFANGSHISHIXIANZUIDAXIANDUDEZHUANHUAZENGZHI,BIANFEIWEIBAO,TONGSHISHENGCHANYOUJIFEILIAOFANBUZHONGZHIYE,TIGAOZIYUANLIYONGLV,CUJINNONGYELIANGXINGXUNHUAN。ZAIZIRANJIE,ZHONGZHIYEYUYANGZHIYESHIHUXIANGYICUNDESHENGWULIAN,LIKAIYANGZHIYE,SHENGTAIPINGHENGJIANGWUCONGTANQI。

CHUMUYEDUIWEIHUSHENGTAIPINGHENG,CUJINNONGFUCHANPINZHUANHUAZENGZHI、JIEJUERENMENROUSHIPINGONGJI、ZENGJIANONGMINSHOURUDEGONGXIANSHIZHUYAODE。DANBUNENGHUSHICHUMUYEFAZHANDAILAIHUANJINGWURAN、JUBUDIFANGWURANYANZHONGDEWENTI。ZHEISHIFAZHANZHONGDEYIGEWENTI,FAZHANZHONGDEWENTIYAOKAOFAZHANLAIJIEJUE。YAOBACHUMUJINGJIHEXIEDINARUDAOZIRANSHENGTAIXITONGDEWUZHIXUNHUANGUOCHENGZHONG,ANZHAOFAZHANXUNHUANJINGJIDESILU,YIZIYUANDEGAOXIAOLIYONGWEIHEXIN,BA“JIANLIANGHUA、ZAISHIYONG、ZAIXUNHUAN”DE3RYUANZEHEWUHAIHUACHULIDEYUANZEZUOWEICHUMUYEJINGJIHUODONGDEXINGWEIZHUNZE,SHIXIAN“ZIYUAN-CHANPIN-ZAISHENGZIYUAN-ZAISHENGCHANPIN”DEWUZHIFANFUXUNHUANLIUDONG,TIGAOZIYUANDEPEIZHIXIAOLV,QUEBAOCHUMUYESHENGTAIHUANJINGANQUAN。

(二)搞好规划,调优结构。(1)各级政府应根据目前畜牧业发展现状、土地承载能力,科学制定龙岩市畜牧业长远发展布局规划和污染整治规划。科学划定禁养区、禁建区、适度养殖区,并以政府通告形式向社会公告。要制定保证规划执行落实的相应措施,明确政府和相关部门的工作职责,严格考评制和责任追究制,确保规划执行到位。(2)调优畜牧业内部结构。要按照“限量、提质、增效”的原则,大幅度地压缩污染大的耗粮型生猪产业规模,尤其是要清理禁养区养猪场和农村村庄周边的没有任何治污设施的小规模养猪场。从现在开始,逐年削减生猪养殖总量,到2020年全市生猪出栏量控制在450万头之内。同时,要充分发挥龙岩市地方特色家禽、肉兔品种的优势,动员和引导养猪专业户,特别是被拆除户转产发展污染小的节粮型家禽和肉兔养殖业,提高家禽和草食动物在畜牧业经济中的比重,进一步优化畜牧产业内部结构,保护养殖环境。

(三)深入宣传,积极疏导。提高养殖业主环境保护意识,使其自觉增加投入,完善治污设施,实现养殖污水达标排放或零排放,是做好养殖业污染治理工作的关键。因此,应广泛运用广播、电视、报纸、网络等宣传媒体,采取举办培训班,印发宣传资料,深入养殖场现场指导等形式,坚持不懈地、大张旗鼓地宣传环境保护法律、法规、规章、政策和污染治理综合技术。激发养殖户业主的治污紧迫感和责任心,变要我治污,为我应治污。各级政府和相关部门要把各阶段政府对养殖业污染综合整治的政策规定和目标任务宣传到各养殖户,让业主明确畜禽养殖污染整治的意义、禁养区拆除的时限、关闭拆除补助政策等,并积极配合政府做好污染整治工作。同时,要建立激励机制,对自觉关停、拆除和遵纪守法的养殖场(户)给予更多的优惠和奖励,对不执行政府决定,到期不拆的规模养殖场,采取综合执法强制措施,坚决拆除,并不予补助,让其付出沉重代价,以确保养殖业污染整治目标的实现。

(四)依靠科技,大力推行农牧结合,循环利用的养殖模式。

CHUQINPAIXIEWUJUYOUSHUANGZHONGXINGDETEZHENG,BATADANGZUOFEIQIZIYUANLAIKANDAI,JINGSHIDANGCHULI,ZHUANBIANWEIYOUJIFEI、ZHAOQIHESHENGWUDANBAI,FENBIANZUOWEIFEILIAOHAITIANSHIYIZHONGCUJINNONGMULIANGXINGXUNHUAN、WEICHISHENGTAIPINGHENGDEYOUXIAOCUOSHI,ERQIEFENFEIZAIBAOCHIHETIGAOTURANGFEILIDEXIAOGUOSHANGYUANYUANCHAOGUOHUAFEI,YOULIYUTIGAONONGZUOWU、JINGJIZUOWUCHANPINPINZHI。RUGUOBATADANGZUOFEIQIWUSUIYICHUZHI、PAIFANG,JIANGZAOCHENGHUANJING、SHUITIDEWURANHEDONGWUYIBINGCHUANBO。YINCI,ZOUNONGMUJIEHEDEDAOLU,JIANLI“TUDI-ZHONGZHIYE-CHUQINYANGZHIYE”SANWEIYITIDENONGYESHENGTAIXITONG,XINGCHENG“LIANGSHIDUO-SILIAODUO-CHUQINDUO-FEILIAODUO-LIANGSHIDUO”DELIANGXINGXUNHUAN,SHICUJINCHUMUYEJIANKANG、CHIXUFAZHANDEGUANJIANCUOSHI。YISHIYAODALITUIGUANG“MU-ZHAO-CAO(LIN、GUO、YU)”DENGZHONGYANGJIEHEDESHENGTAIYANGZHIMOSHI,CHONGFENLIYONGLONGYANSHISHANDI、GUO、CHAYUANDUODEYOUSHI,BINGDALITUIGUANGMUCAOZHONGZHI,ANYAOQIUMEITOUCUNLANZHUPEIZU35PINGFANGMIXINADI,QUEBAOYANGZHIWUSHUITONGGUOZHIWUXIAONA,SHIXIANDABIAOPAIFANGHUOLINGPAIFANG。ERSHIYAOYINDIZHIYIDITUIGUANGSHENGWUFAJIAOCHUANGDIANLIAOLINGPAIFANGYANGZHIJISHU。GAIJISHUDEQIANTITIAOJIANSHIZHUSHEXUYAOFUDIAN80cmZUOYOUHOUDEMUXIE、GUQIAO,MUXIEHAOLIANGDA,ZHINENGDUIXIANYOUSHENGCHANMUXIEYUYICHONGFENLIYONG,BUNENGWEILEYANGZHUDIANLIAOERZHUANMENKANFASHUMUSHENGCHANMUXIE,POHUAISHENGTAIHUANJING。TONGSHI,YAOJIJITANSUODIANLIAODAITIPIN,BINGBUDUANZONGJIE、WANSHANSHENGWUFAJIAOCHUANGDIANLIAOYANGZHIJISHU,CUJINGAIHUANBAOYANGZHUXINJISHUZAIGENGDAFANWEINEITUIGUANG。SANSHIYAODALITUIGUANGYICHUQINFENBIANWEIYUANLIAODEYOUJIFEISHENGCHAN。FADAGUOJIACHUQINYANGZHISHIGENJUNONGZHUANGZHUYOUDUOSHAOTUDIXIAONACHUQINFENBIANERHEDINGDUODAYANGZHIGUIMO,YOUYUZIBENZHUYIGUOJIASHIXINGDESHITUDISIYOUZHI,NONGZHUANGZHUKEYIZIZHUDIANPAITUDIXIAONACHUQINFENBIAN。ERWOGUOSHIXINGDESHITUDIGONGYOUZHI,YOUNONGHUCHENGBAO,RENJUNGENGDISHAOERFENSAN,YANGZHICHANGCHANSHENGDECHUQINFENBIANBUKENENGZAIZHOUBIANTUDISHANGSUIYISHIYONG。YINCI,CHUQINFENBIANDEYIDILIYONGSHIBUKEBIMIANDE,ZHEIJIUYAOQIUJIAGONGCHENGGUTAIYOUJIFEIBINGMIFENGBAOZHUANG,YIJIANSHAOYUNSHUFEIYONGHEBIMIANZAIYUNSHUGUOCHENGZHONGZAOCHENGHUANJINGWURAN。MUQIAN,LONGYANSHITUIGUANGDEGANQINGFEN、GUYEFENLI、JIANCHUFENCHI、KEJIAMOSHIDENGZHIWUJISHU,DUIJIANSHAOGUTIWUPAIFANGQUDAOLEHENDADEZUOYONG。DANRUGUOMEIYOUYOUJIFEICHANGZUOBAOZHANG,GANQING、FENLI、CHUCUNDEFENBIANYOUWANGHECHUQUCHULI?SUOYIBIXUDALIFAZHANYOUJIFEISHENGCHAN。JIANYIZHENGFUCANZHAOZHEJIANGZHIWUJINGYAN,DUIYICHUQINFENBIANWEIZHUDEYOUJIFEISHENGCHAN、SHIYONGHUANJIEJIYUZHENGCEBUZHU,YIJILIZHONGLIANGNONGMINDUOYONGYOUJIFEI,JIANSHAOHUAFEISHIYONGLIANG,DADAOTIGAOTURANGFEILIHETIGAOZUOWUPINZHIDEMUDE。SISHIJIJIKAIFAHETUIGUANGHUANBAOGAOXIAOSILIAO,TIGAOCHUQINDESILIAOLIYONGLV。YOUQISHITIGAOSILIAOZHONGDAN、LINDELIYONGLV,BUDUANJIANGDICHUQINPAIXIEWUZHONGDAN、LINNONGDU,CONGYUANTOUSHANGJIANQINGDUIHUANJINGDEWURAN。WUSHIDALITUIGUANGSHENGZHUBIAOZHUNHUAYANGZHI。YANGEANSHENGZHUBIAOZHUNHUACHANGJIANSHEYAOQIUTISHENG、GAIZAOHEWANSHAN,JINYIBUGUIFANYANGZHIXINGWEI,JINGHUAHEMEIHUAYANGZHIHUANJING。JIAKUAIWUGONGHAICHANDI、CHANPINLUNZHENG,TIGAOCHANPINPINZHIHESHICHANGJINGZHENGLI,CUJINQUANSHISHENGZHUCHANYEZAISHANGXINTAIJIE。CIWAI,KECANZHAOZHEJIANGSHENGDEZUOFA,CAIQUJIUDIJIEHE、JIUDILIYONGMOSHI、YIDIJIEHE,ZONGHELIYONGMOSHI、FENSANCHULI、JIZHONGLIYONGMOSHI、QUYUPEITAO,XUNHUANGONGSHENGMOSHIDENGSIZHONGMOSHI,ZOUNONGMUJIEHEDAOLU,FAZHANXUNHUANJINGJI。

(五)严格新、扩建畜禽养殖场的审批制度。目前,龙岩市生猪养殖规模基本达到土地承载能力,局部区域超承载量。需要削减养殖规模,村庄周边小型养殖场要进行清理。对削减、清理出的养殖空间,在可养区内建设养殖小区、规模养殖场应严格实行审批制度。必须由养殖场业主申请,村、乡及县直相关部门应派员现场审核,符合条件的签署意见报县政府审批。只有严格审批,才能控制规模、有序发展。国外的一些做法也可借鉴,如美国明确规定超过一定规模的畜禽养殖场建场必须报批,获得环境许可,并严格执行国家环境政策法案。除立法管理外,美国还十分注重通过农牧结合来化解养殖业的污染问题。

(六)加强执法,综合治理。严格贯彻执行有关养殖业污染防治的法律法规和福建省政府、龙岩市政府有关加强重点流域水环境综合整治的文件精神,是实现龙岩市养殖业污染治理取得实效有效保证。因此,建议各级政府成立重点流域水环境综合整治执法队,加大督查和执法力度。坚决关闭、拆除禁养区内规模养殖场,及时制止和查处违规抢建、扩建的养殖场,对建在禁养区外经治理无法达标排放的规模养殖场坚决实行拆迁、关闭。同时,各职能部门要认真履职,密切配合。环保部门要按市政府龙政综[2009]276号文件要求,做好存栏50头以上猪场的环评工作,将每一个规模猪场都纳入环保监管范围,对达不到要求的限时整改。对适度养殖区内新、扩建规模养猪场都应实行环保“三同时”,并进行全程监督,组织严格的环评验收。同时,要加强对存栏50头以上规模养猪场排放达标情况进行经常性的督查检测,及时查处养殖场排污案件,依法依规开征规模养殖场排污费。畜牧部门要在畜禽养殖污染工程治理方面提供技术指导和支持,引导养殖户按标准化建设要求配足每头存栏猪0.4立方米沼气池、6平方米生化塘及25平方米果树、牧草等吸纳地。国土、林业等部门要做好新建扩建规模养猪场土地、林地利用审批手续办理工作。

(七)加大对养殖业污染治理的投入。养殖业污染及治理问题,从某种意义上讲,是投入不足的问题。只要舍得投入,完善养殖业环保设施,污染是能够治理好的。因此,首先要通过政策、法律、行政、技术等手段,引导、督促、指导养殖场增加对治污设施的投入,这是养殖业污染治理投入的主体。其次是对符合条件的生猪标准化场(养殖小区)建设建议政府给予分期分批一定的财政补助。通过财政资金的导向,引导生猪标准化场(养殖小区)重点完善粪污处理设施、设备建设。第三是加大对种养结合的生态养殖模式养殖场的扶持力度。建立扶持生态养殖场的专项基金,重点用于规模养殖场沼气池、生化塘建设,种植牧草,安装干湿分离机、生物发酵床建设等补助;对于实行“猪-沼-草(果、茶、林)”等达标排放或零排放生态养殖场给予一定的资金奖励。第四是积极争取上级养殖业污染整治扶持资金和下游流域对上游生态补偿资金。第五是要研究包括养殖业主、政府部门等多渠道、多方位共同投入的筹资机制。建议政府参照日本的做法,实行了鼓励养殖企业保护环境的政策,即养殖场环保处理设施建设费50%由国家财政补贴,25%由都道府县补贴,农户仅支付25%的建设费和运行费用。

(八)加强领导,落实责任。政府重视、加强领导是做好养殖业污染综合整治工作的组织保证。各级政府应将养殖业污染治理工作摆上重要议事日程,定期研究。要完善养殖业污染综合整治的日常监督机构,强化监督检查。要将养殖业污染治理工作列入市对县(市、区)、县(市、区)对乡镇目标管理责任考核内容,各县(市、区)应与乡镇、各乡镇与应养猪场签订污染治理目标责任状。要严格落实养殖业污染治理属地管理原则。对重点流域污染治理实行乡(镇)交接断面水质定期检测考核和“一票否决”制,促进养殖业污染综合整治各项工作真正落到实处。

来源: