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广东信桥科技发展有限公司地址:广东省佛山市南海区桂城南海大道北51号财汇大厦9楼905室电话:0757-86327721
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猪蹄疾患的成因、表现、危害与解决方案

2012-10-25

1.广东信桥科技发展有限公司,2.广东省佛山市南海区狮山兽医站)

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一、猪蹄疾患的表现

ZHUTIJIHUANSHIQIBUTONGJIEDUANYOUBUTONGCHENGDUDEKESHIZHENGZHUANG:ZHONGZHU(DUOCONGHOUBEIZHUQI)TIJIDEZAOQIZHENGZHUANGSHIYUTIJIADEQINGDUKAILIE(TIDIJITIGUANDEHENGXIANGHUOZONGXIANGKAILIE,TU1-TU4),JIERCHUANGKOUKUOZHANG、CHUXUEBINGSHOUBINGYUANGANRANYINFAYANZHENGZUIZHONGYITIQIANTAOTAIWEIGUISU(TU5);SHENGZHANGZHUZEYINTIJI(TU6)ERDAOZHIZHANLIHUOXINGZOUSHIBIAOXIANDAHUA(CHANGBEIWUPANWEIDIMIANSHIHUA)、GONGBEI、ZHENZHAN、BOXINGDENGTONGKUZHENGZHUANG,WEIJIANSHAOFUZHONGZHANLIZAOCHENGDETONGKUCHANGZHICAISHIYUYINSHUIPINLVXIANZHUJIANGDI,ZUIZHONGDAOZHISHENGZHANGSUDUHUANMAN,SILIAOZHUANHUANLVJIANGDI。LINGFANGMIAN,YOUYUDUOZHONGYINGYANGSUQUEFASHIZAOCHENGZHUQUNTIJIDEGENBENYUANYIN,YINCI,YOUCIDAOZHIZHONGZHUFANZHIXINGNENGJIANGDI(RUFAQINGBUZHENGCHANG、LVPEIBUYUN、CHANZISHUJIANSHAO、ZIZHUCHUSHENGZHONGXIAO,JIANZILVDI、MIRULIXIAJIANG、ZIZHUDUANNAIZHONGQINGDENG),SHANGPINZHUCAISHILIANGJIANGDI、RIZENGZHONGJIANSHAO、SILIAOZHUANHUANLVCHADENGGUANJIANXINGSHENGCHANXINGNENGZHIBIAODEXIAJIANG, SHENZHIZAOCHENGGESHENGCHANJIEDUANZHUQUNDEFEITEYIXINGMIANYIGONGNENGXIAJIANG,KANGBINGNENGLIJIANGDIDENGGENGWEIYANZHONGDESUNSHI,WANGWANGYOUYUQUEFAZHUNQUEKEKAODESHENGCHANJILUHUOKEGUANDESHUZIBIJIAOERGENGSHAOYINQIYEZHUDEGUANZHU。

(TU1 HOUBEIZHUTIJIAKAILIE) (TU2 HOUBEIZHUTIGUANZONGXIANGKAILIE)

(TU3 MUZHUTIDIHENGXIANGKAILIE)(TU4 HOUBEIZHUTIJIZHENGZHUANG)

(TU5 TIDIFULANJIATIJIAJIXINGSHENGZHANGDEZHONGZHU)(TU6 SHANGPINZHUTIJIAKAILIE)

二、猪蹄疾患造成的损失

YIBANQINGKUANGXIA,GUANLIRENYUANKENENGZHIHUILIUYIZHONGZHUYINTIBINGERZAOTAOTAIDESUNSHI,ERHENSHAOHUIKAOLVDAOTIXIAKAILIEZHISHIDUOZHONGYINGYANGSUZONGHEQUEFADEBIAOGUANZHENGZHUANG,YOUYUDUOZHONGYINGYANGSUQUEFADAOZHIZHONGZHUQUNFANZHIXINGNENGJIANGDI(RUSHANGSUOSHU)DEYINXINGSUNSHIGENGDA。JUXIANGGUANYENEIRENSHICULVEGUSUAN,MEITOUCUNLANMUZHUYOUYUTIJISUOZAOCHENGDEZHIJIEJIJIANJIESUNSHIMEINIANJUEBUSHAOYU200YUAN。

YIBANQINGKUANGXIA,SHANGPINDAISHENGZHANGROUZHUDETIJIYIBANZAISHENGZHANGDEZHONGHOUQIHUOSHANGSHIQIANCAIBEIJUECHADAO,SHISHISHANG,TIXIACONGZHENPISHENGZHANGDIANZHANGCHUZHIKESHIZHUANGTAIDEJIAOZHICENGYUEXU8-10ZHOU,ERCONGDONGWUTINEIDEYINGYANGDAIXIECHICHUXIANMOUXIEYINGYANGSUDEQUEFA,DAODONGWUDEZHITICHUXIANROUYANKEJIANDEQUEXIAN,QISHIJIANJIANGEXIANRANHUIGENGZHANG。YINCI,GENJUJINGYANTUIDUAN,DADUOSHUSHANGPINZHUDAOZHITIJIDEYINGYANGQUEFAZHUANGTAIHENKENENGZAOZAIDUANNAIHOUBUJIUYIZHUJIANCHUXIAN。HAOWUYIWEN,YINGYANGSUDEQUEFADUIXIAOZHUDEZAOQISHENGZHANGYINGXIANGGENGDA。DUICILEIWENTIDEHUSHI,QIJIEGUOBIRANSHIZHUQUNQUANSHENGZHANGQIDESHENGCHANXINGNENGZHANGQIYINZANGZAIDIYIGECENGCIDESHUIPINGSHANG,XIYIWEICHANGDEPANDUANSHIWUZHANGQIJILEIXIALAIBIANCHANSHENGCHUDUIZHENGCHANGDEJIAOGAOSHENGCHANXINGNENGZHIBIAOJIXIANGGUANJISHULINIAN、JISHUCUOSHIJIQITUIDONGZHEDEHUAIYISHENZHISHIMOMINGQIMIAODEFANGAN。

虽然商品猪群很少因蹄疾而淘汰,但生长速度缓慢、采食量减少、饲料转换率降低、达到相同上市体重的饲养时间延长,其损失不可低估。粗略测算,如果商品猪因与蹄病有关的因素而影响生长速度而导致延长8-10天上市的话,每头猪的损失可高达60-80元。如果考虑到由于蹄疾而导致首道防卸屏障的缺失,而可能增加被具高度接触性传染特征的“口蹄病”病毒感染机会的话,其潜在危险更无从估量。事实上,养猪业每年受“口蹄病”侵害而遭受难以估计的多重损失,与兽医界只重视期望通过获取中和抗体保护的特异性灭活疫苗接种,而忽视非特异性免疫防卸体系的建立与巩固不无关系。近年来,凡与笔者密切合作并认真贯彻落实重构动物非特异性主动免疫功能调节措施(每吨全价料添加1.0公斤福源康®A)的猪场绝大多数均可避免“口蹄病”的困扰。此外,蹄裂的开放性创口是否会造成葡萄球菌、链球菌及猪副嗜血杆菌等猪场环境常驻菌的感染也是一个毋须存疑且值得高度关注的问题。

三、猪蹄疾患的原因

YENEIRENSHIDAFANTAOLUNZHUTIJIHUANSHI,DUIMUZHUERYANDADUOQIANGDIAODIMIANZHUANGTAIHUOJIEGOU(RUXINPUSHUINIDIMIANYUJIUDIMIAN、YUANGANGDIBANYUZHUTIEDIBANZHIQUBIE)DEYUANYIN,ERDUISHANGPINZHUERYANZEDUOYIJIJIEBIANHUAWEIZHEYANDIAN。QISHIDADUOSHISHOU“YANJIANWEISHI”DEJINGYANZHUYISIWEIFANGSHIDESHUFU。SHISHISHANG,MUZHUZAICHANCHUANGDESHENGHUOSHIJIANZHIZHANQISHENGCHANZHOUQIDESIFENZHIYIZUOYOU,ZAICHANCHUANGJIANDAODETIJIZHENGZHUANGQISHIZAISHUINIDIMIANDEDINGWEILANLIZAOYIFASHENG,ZHIBUGUOSHIWOMENGUANLIRENYUANDESHIJUESHENJINGZAOYIMAMU,BINGXIGUANXINGCHANSHENG“SHIERBUJIAN”DESHIJUEPILAOXIAOGUOERYI;ERMUZHUDEDINGWEILANSIYANGGONGYI,SHIYOUYUDAOZHIYUNDONGJIANSHAOHAISHIYOUYUDONGWUMEIYOUJIHUIJIECHUTURANG(TURANGZHONGYIZHIHUOWEIZHIDEKUANGZHIYUANSUJIKENENGCUNZAIDEYOUYIWEISHENGWU,SHIBUKEHUSHIDEYINGYANGYUAN)ERZENGJIATIJIFABINGJIHUIKENENGSHIGEZHIDETANTAODEWENTI。ZHIYUSHANGPINZHUDE“JIJIEXING”WENTIGENGSHIGUANLIRENYUANDE“PANDUANBIAOZHUN”CHANSHENGDAFUDUWEIYISUOZHI。JUBIZHEQINSHENSUOLI,JISHISHIHAINANDAODESANYADIQU,ZHUSHENEIDETIJIZHENGZHUANGYINIANSIJISUICHUKEJIAN,ZHISHIYOUYUSHANGPINZHUSHEDESIYANGMIDUJIAODAQIEWEISHENGZHUANGKUANGJIAOCHAERYANGAILEZHUTIDE“KESHI”LIETIZHENGZHUANGERYI;ERZHUQUNZAISHENGZHANGZHONGHOUQIZHICHULANSHANGSHISHIDEBOXINGZHENGZHUANG(SHANGPINZHUYINDUOZHONGYINGYANGSUDEZHANGQIQUEFAZAOCHENGYANZHONGTIJIBINGCHENGSHOUZISHENTIZHONGERDAOZHI“SHIZHITONGGUIXIN”DEJIZHIBIAOXIAN)WANGWANGBEIWURENWEITIZHONGGUODASUOZAOCHENGDEXINGZOUBENZHONGKUNNAN。

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SHENGCHANSHIJIZHONG,ZAIMEIJIHUIJIECHUTURANGJILVSEZHIWUDEHUANJINGXIA,YIQUANJIAGONGRILIANGSIYANGDEZHUQUN,ZHISHAOKENENGYOUYUYIXIAZHUYINSUDAOZHILIETIDEYINGYANGQUEFA:

1、 ZHUDEYINGYANGXUYAOYANJIUHUOYANJIUCHENGGUODEFABUYUYINGYONGGENBUSHANGZHUZHONGGAILIANGJINZHAN;

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2、 SILIAOZHONGDEXIANGGUANYINGYANGSUGONGJIJUEDUIBUZU(RUPEIFANGYAOQIUHUOYUANLIAOGONGYINGSHANGDEQUEXIAN,RUMOUXIERENGONGHECHENGWEISHENGSUDETONGFENYIGOUTIJIAN,QISHENGWULIYONGDUCUNZAIJIDACHAYI);

3、 SILIAOZHONGDEXIANGGUANYINGYANGSUGONGJIXIANGDUIBUZU(CHANGYINCAISHILIANGBUZUSUOZHI,YEBUPAICHUTINEIJINGZHENGXINGDAIXIEZHANGAISUOZHI);

4、 JIANKANGYUANYINHUOLANYONGYAOWUDAOZHIDONGWUDUIXIANGGUANYINGYANGSUXUQIUZENGJIA(RUKANGSHENGSUJIHUAXUEYAOWUDEZHANGQIHUODALIANGSHIYONG,YIFANGMIANHUIYIZHIHUOSHAMIEXIAOHUADAONEIYOUYIWEISHENGWUDESHENGZHANGYUDAIXIE;LINGFANGMIANYIHUIZAOCHENGCHANGDAO、GAN、YIJISHENZANGDENGXIAOHUADAIXIEQIGUANZUZHIDESUNSHANG,DAOZHIYINGYANGSUXIAOHUAXISHOU、DAIXIEZHANGAI);

5、 MEIJUNDUSUDEDALIANGCUNZAIYIFANGMIANSUNSHANGXIAOHUADAIXIEQIGUANDEGONGNENG;LINGFANGMIANYIYUMOUXIEYINGYANGSUXINGCHENGLUOHETI,JIANGDILERILIANGZHONGXIANGGUANYINGYANGSUDEXISHOUHELIYONGLV;

6、 MEIJUNDUSUXIFUJIDELANYONGYEBUTONGCHENGDUDIHUIBAMOUXIEYINGYANGSU(YOUQISHIFENZIJIEGOUXIANGDUIJIANDAN、QIEJIXINGXIANZHUDEYUANSU)SUIFENBIANDAICHUTIWAI。

YOUCIKEJIAN,SUIRANYINGYANGSUQUEFASHIZAOCHENGZHUTIJIHUANDEGENBENYUANYIN,ERSHENGCHANSHANGZHUDUOWUFAHUIBIDEWENTIQUESHIZAOCHENGYINGYANGQUEFADEFUZABEIJING,RUHETONGGUOJIANDANDEFANGFALAIJIEJUEFUZADEWENTIZHENGSHIYANGZHURENBIXUMIANDUIDEWENTI。

四、猪蹄疾患的解决方案

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(TU7TU3DEMUZHUSHIYONGJIANZHUANGSUHOUTIDIHUIFUJIANKANG) (TU8 QUANCHENGSHIYONGJIANZHUANGSUDESHANGPINZHUZHUTI)

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ZHU:BENWENYI《YANGZHU》ZAZHI2010NIANDIYIQI54YEKANDENG,HUANYINGZHUANZAI!


ZUOZHEJIANJIE:LIANGHAOYI(1958-),NAN,JIGUANGUANGDONGNANHAI,DONGWUYINGYANGXUESHUOSHI,GAOJICHUMUSHI,ZHUYAOCONGSHIDONGWUYINGYANGJIFEITEYIXINGMIANYIDEYANJIU。DIANHUA:0757-8632772113802900048 E-mail:875387686@qq.com

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