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学术与应用

近年猪病发病特点、病因分析与预防控制措施

【来源】本文刊登在《中国畜牧兽医》第34卷2007年第1期126-1 【作者】梁皓仪、梁柱林 【日期】2007-03-13 【关键词】福源康,保健药物,饲料添加

JINSHINIANLAIWOGUOJIYUEHUA、GUIMOHUAYANGZHUZHIFAZHANSUDUXUNMENGYICHANG、JUSHIZHUMU。RANER,YOUYUCONGYERENYUANGUANNIANGENGXINSUDUWEIGENSHANGXINGYEFAZHANSUDU,XIN、LAOHUOQIANZAIZHUBINGKUOZHANGSUDUCHAOGUOYOUXIAOFANGXIENENGLI,JIAZHIKENENGCUNZAIDESILIAOYUANXINGDAILAIDEWUFAKONGZHIDEBINGYUANWURAN,JIKENENGYANZHONGCUIHUIDONGWUMIANYIJINENGDEZHONGJINSHUWURANWENTI,SHIZHUBINGFANGKONGCHENGBAIYUFOUCHENGLEZHIYUEXINGYEFAZHANDEZUIGUANJIANYAOSU。BIZHEZAICIYIFEISHOUYIZHUANYEBEIJINGDEJIAODUSHENSHISHINIANLAIGUONEIZHUBINGBIANHUAQINGKUANG,JIEHEJINNIANZAIDONGNANYADUOGUOCHULIANLIZHIJINGYAN,YUXIANGGUANTONGXINGDUIXIANSHIXINGYEMIANDUIDEREDIANNANTIZUOKEPUXINGZHIDETANTAO,QIYIPAOZHUANYINYUZHIXIAOYINQIDAJIADESHEHUIZERENGAN,BINGJIFAHUIGENCAIQUQIESHIYOUXIAOCUOSHILAIEZHIRENGNANJIANZHIZHIMOHUANKUNRAO。

BIZHERENWEI06NIANCHUNXIAZHIJIAOSHIYUWAN、GAN、XIANG、EDENGDIZAOCHENGYANZHONGSUNSHI,BINGYIWUFAZUDANGZHISHIJIHUBOJIQUANGUOBINGBEIMOMINGQIMIAODIMINGMINGWEI“GAOREZHENG”,BINGFEICENGYISHIYINQISHANGXIAYIPIANKONGHUANGZHI“WEIZHIBINGYUAN”SUOZHI,ERSHILAOBINGXINFA、DUOBINGJIFA,QIERENWEIYINSUZAOCHENGDESUNSHIYUANDAYUSHENGWUYINSUZHIZHIJIESHANGHAI,QIZHONGCUOWUDIGUANYI“GAOREBING”HUO“GAOREZHENG”,KENENGSHIZAOCHENGKONGHUANGJIWUDAOZHIZHONGYAOYOUYIN。WEIBIANYUDUZHELISHUNSILUJIEQIANJIANHOU,BENWENYIWUNIANWEIJIEHEDAJIAYIQIHUIGUSHINIANLAIZHUBINGBIANHUAQINGKUANG。

一、95年前之主危病害及病因分析

CONGSHANGSHIJIBASHINIANDAISHENZHENRUOGANDAXINGZHUCHANGJIANCHENGTOUCHANWEIBIAOZHI,WOGUOGUIMOHUA、JIYUEHUAYANGZHUSHENGCHANJINGGUOSHINIANDEFAZHANYIKAISHIZHUBUZOUSHANGGUIDAO,ZHEIDUANSHIJIANCHULESHAOSHUDAXINGZHUCHANGSHIYONGJINKOUYUHUNLIAOHUONONGSUOLIAOWAI,DADUOSHUZIPEILIAOCHANGDOUPUBIANCUNZAIXIANGDANGYANZHONGDEWEISHENGSUQUEFAZHENG。ZHONGZHUZHUYAOBIAOXIANWEIFANZHIXINGNENGDI,FUTIJIZIGONGNEIMOYANXIANGDANGYANZHONG,ZHEILIANGZHONGBINGCHENGWEITAOTAIZHONGZHUDEZHUYAOYUANYIN;SHENGZHANGZHUZEYIXIAOHAOXINGCHUANQIBINGHEWUHAOBINGYALIZUIDA,QITANENGYIYIMIAOJIEZHONGMIANYIDECHANGJIANBINGZEYIZHUWENOUFAWEIDUO。ZONGTILAISHUO,GAISHIQIDEZHUQUNYIMIANYILIXIANGDUIDIXIAWEIZHU,FUHEJIFAZHENGZHUANGBUDUO,YIBINGYALIXIANGDUIJIAOQING。

二、96-2000年之主危病害及病因分析

CISHIQIZHONGZHUYILIUCHAN、SITAI、MUNAIYI、CHANRUOZIDENGWENTIZAOCHENGDESUNSHIZUIWEIYANZHONG,YINZIGONGNEIMOYANERTAOTAIDEMUZHURIJIANZENGDUO,“ZIZHUDUANNAIZONGHEZHENG(PMWS)”JI“FANZHIHUXIZONGHEZHENG(PRRS)”KAISHISINVE,SHENGZHANGZHUCHUANQIBINGRIQUYANZHONG,WUHAOBINGCHANGNIANQIANZAIWEIXIE。ZHUYAOYUANYINZHISHAOYOUWU:

1、WEIKUANGQUANBINGDU、XIXIAOBINGDU、ⅡXINGYUANHUANBINGDU、FANZHIHUXIZHANGAIZONGHEZHENGBINGDUDENG“XINBINGYUAN”SUIZHONGZHUYINJINERRUQIN。

2、YITIGAORU、ZIZHULIAODANGCIWEIHUANGZI,XUEJIANGDANBAIFEN、XUEQIUDANBAIFEN、CHANGMODANBAIFENDENGWUBUXIEDAIDALIANGGEZHONGBINGYUANDETONGYUANDONGWUTUZAIFEIQIWUKAISHIRUQIN(YOUYIWENZHEQINGSUISHISONGYANGDAOYOUPCRJIANCEJISHUDESHIYANSHICEDING),GUONEICHANGSHANGKAISHIFANGXIAOBINGDALIANGSHENGCHANTONGLEICHANPIN。

3、ZAIYIJIANGDICHENGBENWEIMUDEQIANGLIEYIYUXIA,MANGMUDALIANGSHIYONGJINGNEIWAIROUGUFENDENGTUZAIXIAJIAOLIAO。

4、YIDIANZILAJI、FEITONGLANTIEWEIYUANLIAOSHENGCHANDELIUSUANTONG、LIUSUANXINDENGFUHANGEZHONGJIYOUHAIZHONGJINSHUHUOXIYOUJINSHUDECHAODULAJI(YOUYIWENZHEQINGSUISHISONGYANGDAOBEIJINGYOUSEJINSHUYANJIUYUANHUOGUANGZHOUYOUSEJINSHUYANJIUYUANJIANCE),YIDICHENGBENYOUSHIXUNSUCHENGWEISHICHANGZHUDAOCHANPIN。

5、YUANLIAOFAMEIWENTIDEYANZHONGCHENGDUZUYIKAISHIYINQIYEJIEZHONGSHI。

三、2001-2005年之主危病害及病因分析

YOUYUSHANGLIEWUDAYAOSUBUDANRENGRANCUNZAI,ERQIEQINRUCHENGDURIJIANQIANGSHI,JIAZHIGUOFAYANJINMIEHUOBINGBIANZUZHIFENLIWU(SUCHENG“ZIJIAMIAO”)DESHIYONG,ZHUCHANGCUNZAIDEGEZHONGLAOWENTIRIQUYANZHONG,YUANHUANBINGDUSINVEDAOZHIQUANCHANGJIHUWUBAOYUZHUCHULANDEQINGKUANGLVJIANBUXIAN,FABINGRILINGCONGDUANNAIHOUDAOSHANGSHIDAZHUBUFENJIEDUAN、BUFENJIJIECHANGNIANKEJIAN;CENGBEIZUOWEIⅡXINGYUANHUANBINGDUBING“BIAOQIAN”DE“PIYANSHENBINGZONGHEZHENG”KAISHISHIQU“PANDUANBIAOZHUN”YIYI;CENGYI“FUHONGXIBAOTIBING”BEIGUODUCHAOZUODEZHENGZHUANGKAISHIBEIYOUSHIZHISHIZUOWEIYUANHUANBINGDUDEDIANXINGZHENGZHUANGZHIYILAIKAOLV;YIBINGDU—XIJUNFUHEGANRANWEITEZHENGDEHUXIDAOBINGRIQUYANZHONG,YIZHIZAITUZAICHANGJIHUWUFAZHAODAOXIONGFEIWUBINGBIANDEGETI(YOUXINGQUZHEKESUISHIDAOTUCHANGKAOCHA)。JINGUANSHOUXIAOSHENWEI,DANLANYONGYAOWU,DALIANGSHIYONGFUPEI、WEIJINYAOWURENGRANCHENGWEILINCHUANGSHOUYIDESHASHOUJIAN。

MIANYIYIZHI、MIANYIMABIDENGMIANYIWENLUANZHUANGKUANGCHENGWEIDADUOSHUZHUQUNDEZHUYAOQIANZAIWEIXIAN,YIDANYOUFENGCHUICAODONG“DUOMINUOGUPAIXIAOYING”SUISHIKENENGFASHENG。

四、2006年起之主危病害及病因分析

06NIANCHUNXIAZHIJIAOSHIFAYUWAN、GAN、XIANG、E,BINGYIWUFAZUDANGZHISHIJIHUXUNSUMANYANQUANGUO,BEIGUANGFANCHENGZHIWEI“GAOREBING”HUO“GAOREZHENG”DEZHUBING,KENENGSHIWOGUOYOUSHIYILAILIUXINGZUIGUANG、SUNSHIZUICANZHONGDEZHUCHUANRANBING。BIZHECONGDANGNIANQIYUEDICHUCIJINGANXIEZHUJIEJUEWENTI,SIZHOUZHINEISANCIRUGAN,ZHIHOUSHUYUEXIANCHANGHUOYUANCHENGXIEZHUCHULIGAN、XIANG、E、YUE、GUI、MIN、MENG、HEI、CHUAN、JI、JIN、YU、LU、ZHE、XIA、DENGSHENG、SHI、QUDEANLI,SUOJIANSUOWENYUYENEIGUANGFANLIUCHUANZHIPANDUANYUCHULIFANGANBUGANGOUTONG,ZHUYAOCHAYIRUXIA:

1、“高热”与否之判断

BIZHEXIANCHANGCHULIZHIANLIWUYIBUSHIYIFA“GAOREBING”WEIYOUBEIZHAO,RANERJINRUZHUSHECHUZHENWUSHUSHENTIDAMIANJICHAOHONG、ZHIDUANFAGAN、HUXIKUNNAN、HUNSHUIPINSIDEBINGZHU,ERGEN“GAORETANGSHOU”DEGANJUEWEISHUHENSHAO!PINGDUONIANJINGYANBUKENENGYOUWUZHENGAOREJIHUI。YUANCHENGCHULIZHIANLI,DADUOSHUBEIBIZHEYAOQIUJINZHUSHECHUZHENHOUZAITONGDIANHUASHIYIBUZAIJIANCHI“GAORELUN”,YINCI,BIZHEBUPAICHUYOUYEJIETONGRENYANJIANBINGZHUYOUSHENTIDAMIANJICHAOHONG、HUXIKUNNAN、DADUIHUNSHUIDEZHENGZHUANGBIANYI“MUCEGAORE”DAITI“CHUGAN”HUO“ZHICHANGTANWEN”ZUOCHULISUODANGRANPANDUANDEKENENG,BINGYIECHUANEZUIZHONGWUDAOQUANGUO。

2、“高热”时机之判断

BIZHESUOCHUANLI,SHAOSHUQUESHUGAOREZHEJINGYUYEZHUXIXINTANTAOZHUISUBINGCHENG,ZHENGSHIDADUOSHUBINGFEIFABINGCHUQIJIGAORE,ERSHIFABINGRUOGANTIANHOUCAI“ZHUANWEIGAORE”,HUOFABINGCHUQIBINGWEILIUYISHIFOUYOUGAORE,ZHIBINGCHENGZHONG、HOUQICAIFAXIANSHAOBUFENGETIYOUGAORE。BIZHERENWEI,ZHEISHAOSHU“GAORE”GETISHIJIFAXIJUNGANRANSUOZHI,DANYIBUPAICHUSHAOSHUYUANFAZHUWENDEGAOREZHENGZHUANG,DANZAIBEISUWEI“GAOREBING”DEANLIZHONG,BENRENBINGWUJIHUIXIANCHANGJIANDAOZHUWENZHENGZHUANG。

YINCIZHIJINWEIZHI,YIBIZHESUOCHUANLI,WULUNDONG、XI、NAN、BEI,XIA、QIU、DONGJI,ZUIJINDABANNIANHUANLIUXINGBINGBINGGETIJUEDADUOSHUCHENGBINGDUGANRANTEZHENGDEZHONG、DIRE(38-39℃ZHIJIAN)ZHENGZHUANG,ERFEI“GAOREZHENG”HUO“GAOREBING”。

LINCHUANGSHANGZHUNQUEKEKAODEZHENDUANZHENGJUSHIPANDUANBINGYUANBINGYINDEJIZHONGYAOYIJU,BIZHERENWEI,YIZHIYILAIQUANGUOSHANGXIAZHIYOUYIGESHENGYINWUCHUANWUDAO“GAOREBING”SHIGEFEICHANGZHIDEYENEIRENSHISHENSIDEWENTI。KUANGQIE,ZHONGDUOYUANYINKEYIZHIDONGWUFAYAN、TIWENSHENGGAO,JUEBUKEJIANGZUOWEILINCHUANGZHENGZHUANGZHIBIAOZHIYIDE“GAORE”CHENGZHIWEI“BING”,YIMIANBEIWAIRENDANGZUOXIAOBING。

3、对流感之理解

WEIMIANCHANSHENGZHENGZHISHANGDEMINGAN,BIZHESHOUCIRUGANSHIBIANGENJUDANGSHIGEANGENZONGJILIUXINGBINGXUEGUILVFENXI,JINSHENDITIXINGYENEIRENSHIKENENGSHI“GANMAODEYIZHONG”,ZHIHOUGENGYOUGAN、YUE、GUI、MIN、JI、JINDENGDIGEANZHUISUJIBINGLIJIEPOUJUNXIANSHIDIANXINGLIUGANTEZHENG,BINGZAIFABINGQIANDUOYOUFENGHANZAOYU。RANER,TONGCHANGRENMENSUOLIJIEZHILIUGANJUNYILIUQINGBITIWEIGANGUANBIAOZHUN,KENENGRONGYIYIPIANGAIQUAN。SHISHISHANG,LIUGANBINGDUXUEQINGXINGZHIJINYIFAXIANZHISHAO135ZHONGZHIDUO,JIAOCHANGJIANZHISHIXIAOHUADAOXINGJISHISHENJINGXINGLIUGANZHENGZHUANGWANGWANGBUWEIRENSUOZHUYI。BIZHECHUZHENCHANGJIANDEHUANBINGZHUSHISHUI、DIANXINGFEIBUBINGBIAN、WEIBICHONGXUECHAOHONGNAIZHIKUIYANGDENGLINCHUANGYUJIEPOUZHENGZHUANG,JIEHELIUXINGBINGXUETEZHENGJUNKEYULIUGANYOUZHIJIELIANXI。KENENGSHIHUANCHUZAOYULIUGANBINGDUGANRANHOUJIFAYUANHUANBINGDUHUOQITABINGBIAN,GUANCHAZHEHULVELEZAOQIZHENGZHUANGERZHIWEINENGYINQIRENMENDUILIUGANDEZHONGSHI。

JINNIANLAI,GUORENSHOUQINLIUGANFENGBOSUOLEISUNSHICANZHONG,YIZHICHANSHENG“LIUGANKONGJUZONGHEZHENG”。SHISHISHANG,RURENLEIDEGANMAOYIYANG,ZHUQUNCHUXIANLIUGANCHUANBOBINGFEIHANJIANZHISHI,ZHISHIZAIMEIYOUTAIDUOYINXINGBINGYUANWEIXIEHUORENWEIGUODUOYINGJIGANYUQINGKUANGXIA,HUANZHUHUIHENKUAINAIGUOBINGZHUBUKANGFU。ZUIJINJINIAN,BIZHEYEZAIDONGNANYADUOGUODUOCIYUJIANZHULIUGANGEAN,DANBINGWEIJIANZAOCHENGDAQUYULIUXING,ERZAISHANGSHIJIBASHINIANDAICHUZHULIUGANCENGJIHUHENGSAOZHENGGEOUZHOUDALU。CONGZIRANJINHUAZHEXUEJIAODUFENXI,LIUGANBINGDUZAOYIYUDONGWUJIRENLEITONGBUJINHUASHUSHIWANNIANNAIZHIGENGZHANGSHIJIAN,MEIYOULIUGANBINGDUDECUNZAIJIUKENENGMEIYOUJINTIANRUCIJIANKANGDERENLEIHUODONGWUQUNLEI,ZHISHIJINNIANLAIRENLEICAIDUIQIYOUGENGDUODELEJIE,SHIWUDUIQICHANSHENGKONGJUZHIBIYAO,DUIMEITICHAOZUOHUOBULIANGSHILITONGMENGZEYINGYOUBIYAODEFANGFANYINGDUICUOSHI。

4、对圆环病毒病之理解

BIZHESUOGUANCHAZHIFABINGZHUQUN,YUANFAZHENGZHUANGJUEDADUOSHUSHIYUSHENGZHANGZHU,SHENSHAOYUANFAYUZHONGZHU(YOUDIANXINGSHOUDONGBINGZHIGANMAOANLICHUWAI),ERZAOQIFABINGDEZHUCHANG,DUOSHIFAYUSHENGZHANGSHEDEZHONG、DAZHUJIEDUAN,SUIHOUBOJIBAOYUSHEXIAOZHU;ERRUQIUYILAIFABINGZHE,DUOCONGBAOYUSHEXIAOZHUSHIFA,SUIHOUBOJIQITARILINGDEQUNTI;ERYOUXINGWEIZAOYUYISILIUGANBOJIDEZHUCHANG,ZEDUOYI60~90TIANLINGFABINGWEIDUO,FABINGLVSHIGUANLISHUIPINGERYI,YIBANWEI5~15%,BINGZHUJIBENWUKANGFUKENENG。QIZHONGSHIFOUYOUGUILVKEXUNRENGBUDEERZHI。CONGBINGZHUDELINCHUANGZHENGZHUANGJIJIEPOUBINGBIANFENXI,BIZHERENWEI,DUOWEIYUANHUANBINGDUJIFAHUOYUANFAANLI。RANER,LEISILINCHUANGZHENGZHUANGJIJIEPOUBINGBIANBINGFEIZUIJINCAIYOU,ZAOZAI2000NIANQIANHOUYILVJIANBUXIAN,QIEDANGSHIDUOFASHENGZAISHIYONGGAODANGRU、XIAOZHULIAODEDAXINGZHUCHANG。BIZHERENWEI,JINNIANZHISUOYIDAMIANJIBAOFACHULESHOULIUGANYINFAWAI,SILIAOYUANXINGDEBINGYUANRUQINKENENGSHIZUIDAKEYIYINSU,GEZHONGLAIYUANDEXUEJIANGDANBAIFEN、XUEQIUDANBAIFEN、CHANGMODANBAIFENDENGTONGYUANDONGWUTUZAIFEIQIWUZAIRU、XIAOZHULIAODEDAMIANJISHIYONGHENKENENGZAOJIUMAIXIALESUISHIKEBAOZHIDINGSHIZHADAN。ERDADUOSHUWUJIHUIJIECHUCILEICHANPINDEZHONGZHUZEXIANGDUIANQUAN。SHAOBUFENSHIYONGXUEQIUDANBAIFENDEBURUMUZHUZECUNZAIHENDAFENGXIAN。

LIANGNIANQIAN,BIZHEYINGYAODAODONGNANYAMOUJUXINGZHUCHANG(MEITIANSHANGSHI1100TOUSHANGPINZHU)XIEZHUJIEJUEKUNRAOGAICHANGXIANGDANGZHANGSHIJIANDEYANJUNWENTI,GAICHANGDUZHANYIDAO(1WANGONGQING),YUWAIJIEJIHUWANQUANGEJUE,JIANCHANGSHIDUONIANLAIYIZHIWEIYOUZHONGDAYIQINGFASHENG。QUETURANZAISHENGZHANGZHUSHEBUJIANDUANDICHUXIANHUXIKUNNAN、SHENTIDAMIANJICHAOHONG,DANTIWENBINGBUHEN(38.5-39℃)GAODEBINGZHU,YONGRENHEYAOWUCHULIJUNSHIBAI,BINGZHUFABING5~7TIANHOUJIHUQUANBUSIWANG。BIZHEXUNQIMIANYIJIYONGYAOQINGKUANG,WEIJIANYOURENHEKEYIZHICHU,ZUIZHONGYIYUXUEJIANGDANBAIFENSHIYONGYOUZHIJIEGUANXI:QIWANZHENGSHENGCHANJILUBIAOMING,DIYIGEFABINGANLICHUXIANYUGAICHANGSHIYONGXUEJIANGDANBAIFENHOUDEDI9ZHOU,CIHOU13-20ZHOULINGDESHENGZHANGZHULIANXUDALIANGSIWANG,ZHANGQIWUFAKONGZHI。LIANGGEXIAOSHIZHIHOUWEIYULINGYIGUOJIEDEGAICHANGSHANGCENGJIGOUJUECEZHEXUANBUJISHITINGYONGXUEJIANGDANBAIFEN。RANER,BENRENZAOZAISHINIANQIANBIANDASHENGJIHU,YEJIEQIANWANBUKESHIYONGXUEJIANGDANBAIFENZHILEIDETONGYUANDONGWUTUZAIFEIQIWU,KEBEIDESHISHIZHIJINRIXINGWUZHELIAOLIAO。JIECIJIHUI,BENRENZAICITIXINGYENEIRENSHIHUIGUJINSHINIANNISHENBIANDEZHUBINGQINGKUANG,LAIJINYIBUYANZHENGBENRENDEJIELUN:ZICONGXUEJIANGDANFENJIQILEISICHANPINJINRUZHONGGUOHOU,BIANGAIXIEZHONGGUOYANGZHULISHI:CONGCI,LAOZHUANJIABUHUIYANGZHU、LAOSHOUYIBUHUIKANZHUBING。

5、对“肢端发绀”症状之理解

SHUBIZHEWUZHIJIANWULI,“LANERBING”ZHIMINGMINGSHIYIWUDAOZHONGSHENG,JIANYIXUESHUJIGOUJINKUAIZAIWOGUOQUDIGAIMINGCI,SHISHISHANGGUOJISHANGYIHANJIANYOURENZAIYONGGAIBULUNBULEIZHICI,BINGXIGUANSHIYONG“FANZHIHUXIZONGHEZHENG(PRRS)”ZHICHENGWEI。LINCHUANGSHANGCHENGZHIWEIZHIDUANFAGANDE“ERDUOFAZI”DEZHENGZHUANGJUNWEIZHIDUANZUZHIQUEYANGSUOZHI,ERFEIBUBINGBIANSHIQUHUANYANGGONGNENG,SHUCHUDEBINGFEIYANGHUAXUEHONGDANBAI,ERSHIHAIYUANXUEHONGDANBAICAISHIZHIDUANFAGANDEYUANYIN,ERFEI“LANERBING”DEPANDUANBIAOZHUN。ERKEZHIFEIBUBINGDEBINGYUANSHENDUO,CHANGJIANRU:LIUGANBINGDU、ⅡXINGYUANHUANBINGDU、FANZHIYUHUXIHEZHENGBINGDU、LIANQIUJUN、FUZHUSHIXUEGANJUN、FANGXIANJUN,……DENG,DANMEIZHONGBINGYUANSUOZHIFEIBUBINGBIANTEZHENGDOUYOUCHAYI。YINCI,JIANGERDUOFAZIZHENGZHUANGJIANDANDIPANWEI“LANERBING”SHIZAIGUOYUQINGLV。ERZUIJINYIDUANSHIJIANYILAI,YIMIAOCHANGSHANGDUIYANGHUDEWUDAOBINGCUOWUDICAIQU“LANERBING”YIMIAOJIEZHONGCUOSHISHIDAOZHIYISIBINGZHUFABINGLVJISIWANGLVDAFUDUSHENGGAODEZHUYAOYUANYINZHIYI。

6、对“蓝耳病”可能性之判断

ZIWAN、GAN、XIANG、E、ZHUQUNDAMIANJIFABINGHOU,YENEIRENSHIPUBIANYI“ZHIDUANFAGAN”ZHENGZHUANGPANDUAN“LANERBING”,WULUNZHUCHANGJIANKANGYUFOU,FENFENQIANGJIEZHONG“LANERBING”YIMIAO,DADUOSHUYISHIBAIGAOZHONG。SHUYUELAIBIZHEDUISHUSHENGCENGCHUZHENGUODEANLIJIXUGENZONG,WUYILIWAIDIFAXIAN:RUGUOMEIYOUCUOWUDIZUOKANGSHENGSUHUOYIMIAOJIEZHONGCHULI,ZHONGZHUQUNHENSHAOCHUXIANLIUCHANZHENGZHUANG,JISHISHOUDAOBUZHENGQUECHULIERZHILIUCHANDEMUZHU,TAILINGDUOZAITAIPANFAYUMINGANQIDE40~50TIANLING。ERYIHUAIYUNHOUQILIUCHANWEITEZHENGDE“LANERBING”BIAOXIANJIHUMEIYOUDEDAOKEKAOZHENGJU。XIANGFAN,JIEZHONG“LANERBING”YIMIAOHOUDEBULIANGHOUGUOFANWEIGENGYOUSHUOFULI:

ANLI1、(GUOYUDONGGERENTONGXUN)HENANSHENGWUYANGXIANHUITONGJITUAN,YUE4000TOUCUNLANMUZHU,MUZHUXIANHOULIANGCI、XIAOZHUZAI15~20RILINGFENBIEJIEZHONGYICIDEGUOMOUGONGSIDE“LANERBING”RUODUMIAO,XIAOZHURENGRANZAI40~50TIANLINGDAGUIMOFABING,BINGZHUJIHUQUANBUSIWANG。

ANLI2、(TANGWANYONGGERENTONGXUN)HUBEIMOUCHANG(CUNLANMUZHU8000TOU)GUANCHADAOZHONGZHUJIEZHONGTONGSHANGDE“LANERBING”YIMIAOHOU,SUOCHANZIZHUTIZHIHENRUO、CHENGHUOLVDI;ZAIJIANKANGZIZHUQUNTIZHONGZUO“LANERBING”YIMIAOJIEZHONGXIAOGUOWEI:JIEZHONGYICIZHESIWANGLVYUE15%,JIEZHONGERCIZHESIWANGLVYUE30%;JIEZHONGSANCIZHESIWANGLVCHAOGUO40%。

SHANGSHUANLIZHISHAOSHUOMINGLIANGGEWENTI:

a、WULUNSHIZHONGZHUHAISHIXIAOZHUJIEZHONG“LANERBING”YIMIAODUISUOYONGYIMIAOZHUCHANGWUXIAO。

b、GAIZHONGRUODUYIMIAOKENENGDUIMOUXIEJIEJINGZHUCHANGSHIYIZHONGWURAN,SHENZHIHUIYINQISIQIANGDUZHIBINGXIAOGUO。

LEISISHANGSHUDIANXINGANLIDEQINGKUANGZAIQUANGUOGEDIDEDAXIAOZHUCHANGDOUBUSHENGMEIJU。JIANYUXIANSHIWOGUODUI“LANERBING”YANJIUYOUJUEDUIQUANWEIDEJIGOUYOUXIAN,CONGYERENYUANDUIGAIBINGDEZHISHIZHUYAOYUANZISHANGYETUIGUANGXINGWEI,BIZHEJIANYIZAIZUOCHURENHEJUEDINGZHIQIANYISANSIERHOUXING。

7、对分离病原之理解

SUIZHESHIYANSHISHOUDUANDEBUDUANJINBU,FENLIBINGYUANCHENGWEIZHENDUANJIBINGDEZHONGYAOBUZHOU,RANER,YONGGAOJISHUFENLIBINGYUANSHIZHISHAOYINGZHUYIYIXIAJIFANGMIANDEWENTI:

a、ZHUYAOMAODUNYUCIYAOMAODUNDEQUBIE:ZAIBENSHENJIUKENENGCUNZAIFUZAHUNHEGANRANDEYAJIANKANGZHUANGTAIDEDONGWUQUNTIZHONGFENLIBINGYUANSHI,ZHAODAODEBINGYUANSHIYUANFABINGYUANHAISHIJIFABINGYUAN?SHIZHUDAOBINGYUANHAISHIFUSHUBINGYUAN?ZUOCHUJIELUNSHIGENGXUYAOCONGDUOGEFANGMIANZUOCHUSHENZHIYOUSHENDEZONGHEPINGJIA。FOUZENANMIANHUIFAN“ZHIJIANSHUMUBUJIANSENLIN”,SHENZHI“ZHIJIANSHUYINGJIUBUFENGZHUOYING”DECUOWU。

b、SHIYANSHIFANGFAWUCHA:MINGANDUHEJINGQUEDUJUNJIGAODEPCRCEDINGFANGFADUIGEFANGMIANYAOQIUJIGAO,DAOZHIWUCHACHANSHENGDEKENENGXINGGENGDUO,XIANSHIYENEIRENSHIZUIWEIGUANXINDEYUANHUANBINGDUHE“LANERBING”BINGDUGANRANWENTI,LILUNSHANGYANGXINGZHUCHANGDESUOYOUGETIJUNYOUKENENGYIJINGGANRAN,DANJINGYANBIAOMINGTONGYISHIYANSHIDUITONGYIDONGWUQUNTIDEDUOCICEDINGJIEGUOBUTONG,BUTONGSHIYANSHIDUITONGYIYANGBENZHICEDINGJIEGUOWANGWANGCHAYIGENGDA。WULUNSHINAZHONGSHIYANSHIFANGFADOUYOUYIDINGDEWUCHACUNZAI,QIEBUKEDUIGEBIEJIANCEJIEGUOZUOTAIJUEDUIDEJIELUN。

c、FENLISHIJI:XIANSHIWOMENDUIHENDUOBINGYUANZAIDONGWUTINEIDEXIAOZHANGGUILVHAIQUEFATOUQIEDELEJIE,YOUQISHILIUGANBINGDUCHUXIAN“XUEDUZHENG”DESHIJIXIANGDANGWEIMIAO,RUGUOMEIYOUDUIFABINGDONGWUZUOJISHIXIZHIDEGENZONGGUANCHA,ERZHISHISUIJIXINGCHOUQUXUEYANG,HENNANBUHUOMUBIAO。

d、YAOWUGANRAO:LINCHUANGJINGYANBIAOMING,DUIHUANCHUZUOKANGSHENGSU、HUAXUEYAOWUCHULIYIJIYIMIAOJIEZHONGDENGCUOSHIDOUYOUKENENGYINGXIANGBINGYUANFENLIJIEGUO。YINCI,DUIDATIANYANGPINCHULIFANGFAKENENGYINGYOUBIEYUSHIYANDONGWU。

JIANRUSHANGSHU,WOMENMEIYOURENHELIYOUZHIPINGFENLICHUBINGYUANYUFOULAIZUOCHUXIANSHILIUXINGZHUBINGDEBINGYINPANDUAN。

8、对病因、病原判断方法之思考

YOUYUSHIYANSHISHENGWUCEDINGJISHUDEJINBU,JIYANJIUGONGZUODAILAITUPOXINGJINZHAN。RANERYERONGYIZAOCHENGRENMENGUOFENYILAIXIANJINJISHUDESIWEIXIGUAN,ERHULVELEYIXIEJINGDIANPANDUANFANGFA。DUIDAIZUIJINLIUXINGZHUBINGDEBINGYUAN、BINGYINPANDUANHENYOUBIYAOHUIGUILIXINGSIWEIGUIDAO:

a、LINCHUANGZHENGZHUANG; e、KANGTIJIANCE;

b、BINGLIJIEPOU; f、LIUXINGBINGXUEGUILVFENXI;

c、ZUZHIQIEPIAN; g、LINCHUANGCHULIJIEGUOFANKUI;

d、BINGYUANFENLI; h、KEHESHIDINGLV(koche’s postulates);

BIZHERENWEI,ZAILINCHUANGHUNHEGANRANJIAOWEIFUZADEBEIJINGXIA,GENJULIUXINGBINGXUEGUILVJILINCHUANGCHULIJIEGUOLAIZUOZONGHEFENXIKENENGHUIDEDAOHENYOUJIAZHIDEQISHI,ERZAIWEIZUNXUNKEHESHIDINGLV(koche’s postulates)DUOCIYANZHENGZHIQIANBUYIQINGLVZUOCHUFAXIANWEIZHIBINGYUANDEJIELUN。

9、临床处理方案

RUQIANSUOSHU,BIZHERENWEI,XIANSHILIUXINGZHUBINGYILIUGANJIYUANHUANBINGDUBINGWEIZHU,DUIFABINGDEHUANCHUYINGCAIQUGELI、JIAQIANGBAOWEN、SHENEIXIAODU、ZAIYINSHUIZHONGTIANJIAPUTAOTANGHEWEISHENGSUDENGBAOSHOUDECHULICUOSHI,DENGQINAIGUOGANRANHOUZIXINGHUIFU,QIEBUKEJIXINGJIEZHONGRENHEYIMIAOHUOZHUSHEKANGSHENGSUDENGJIAJUYINGJICUOSHI。FOUZEBUDANYUSHIWUBU,HAIHUIJIASUBINGCHENG。DUIRENGNENGZIZHUCAISHIDEYISIHUANCHUZEYINGJIAQIANGGUANLICUOSHI,SHIDANGBUCHONGWEISHENGSU,JINLIANGJIANSHAOYINGJI,BINGZUOHAOSHENEIXIAODUGONGZUO,YOUTIAOJIANZHEZUIHAONENGTOUWEIQUEJUDIAOJIEMIANYIGONGNENGDETIANJIAJICHANPIN。GANYUEDENGDIBUFENZHUCHANGSHIYONG“FUYUANKANG”HOUSINENGSHOUDAOJIAOHAOXIAOGUO,SHENGCHANXINGNENGXIANZHUGAISHAN,JIHUMEIYOUYIQINGFASHENG,ZAISHIFABINGDANRENGNENGZHENGCHANGJINSHIDEZHUQUNSHIYONGYIKEYOUXIAOEZHIBINGQINGJINZHAN。DANBIXUZHUYIDESHICILEICHANPINBINGFEIZHILIAOYONGYAO,ZAIFABINGZHIHOUZAIYONGKENENGYINANWANHUIBUBIYAODESUNSHI。DUIYANGZHUYEZHULAISHUO,GAIBIANGUANNIANKENENGSHIJIANKANGYANGZHIDEQIANTI。

10、重构动物的主动免疫功能是当务之急

CONGJINNIANZHENGCHANGDEDATIANSHENGCHANZHUANGKUANGHELINCHUANGZHENDUANCHULIJIEGUOFENXI,ZHUQUNZHISUOYIRUCICUIRUO,ZAIRENHEKEYICHANSHENGLIUXINGYINSUDEBINGYUANGONGJIXIADOUKEYIDAOZHIDAMIANJIFABINGBINGSUNSHICANZHONG,ZHUYAOYUANYINSHIDONGWUQUNTIDEZHUDONGMIANYIGONGNENGYISHIFENCUIRUO,MIANYIYINGDAFANYINGJIZHIBUWANSHAN,MIANYIMABIXIANXIANGSHIFENPUBIAN,HENDUOQINGKUANGXIACHAOJILIANGYIMIAOJIEZHONGYEWUFASHOUDAOYUQIXIAOGUO。YINCI,ZHENZHENGCONGDONGWUDEJIBENJIANKANGCHUFA,ZHONGGOUDONGWUQUNTIDEFEITEYIXINGMIANYIGONGNENGSHIDANGQIANFANGKONGYIBINGDEDANGWUZHIJI。

五、流行病面前的应对与反思

MIANDUIHAINANYULIAOHESHIHUITINGDEBINGHAILIUXING,JIEHEJINNIANLAIDEZHUBINGBIANHUAQINGKUANG,YENEIRENSHISIYINGLIXINGDISIKAOYIXIEWUFAHUIBIDEWENTI:

1、ZHENGFUZHUGUANJIGOUYIWUSHIDETAIDUJISHIZHIDINGEZHIBINGHAILIUXINGDEYOUXIAOCUOSHI。

2、ZHONGZHENGNONGCUNJICENGSHOUYIFANGYIJIGOU,SHIZHIZHENZHENGQIDAOYOUXIAODEZUOYONG,ERBUJINJINSHIGESHOUYAODIAN。

3、YOUJIHUADIPEIXUNNONGCUNCONGYERENYUAN,SHIZHINENGZHENZHENGZHANGWOZUIJIBENDEKEXUEYANGZHUZHISHI,ERBUSHIZHITONGGUOLIANGYOUBUQIDESHANGYETUJINGHUODEJINGYAN。

4、HUYUYOUQUANJUGUANNIANDEZHUANJIATIAOQIZUZHIDUOKEXUEXIEZUOGONGGUANZHONGREN,ERBUZHISHIGEZIBIMENXIULIAN,GENGBUYINGRANGYOUSHANGYEDAIYANRENSHENFENDEZHUANJIACAOZONGYINGYONGJISHUSHICHANGXINXI。

5、ZAIMEIYOUDEDAOYOUXIAOCUOSHIZHIQIAN,SHENSHENKAOLVMIEHUOBINGBIANZUZHIFENLIWUZAIKEKONGTIAOJIANXIADESHIYONG,KENENGBUSHIWEIYIZHONGKEXINGDEQUANYIZHIJI。

6、CAIQUGUODUANDEXINGZHENGCUOSHIQIEDUANSILIAOYUANXINGDESHENGWUWURANJIYOUHAIJINSHUWURANDETUJING。

7、CAIQUYOUXIAODEXINGZHENGCUOSHIYANLIKONGZHIRENLEIYAOWUYONGYUDONGWU,XIAODUYAOCHUWAI。

8、TONGGUOYOUXIAODEFANGFALAIDIAOJIEHUOHUIFUDONGWUQUNTIZHENGCHANGMIANYIGONGNENG,KENENGSHIJINHOUYAOMIANDUIDEZHONGDIANKETI。

ZHIXIE:BENWENDEDAOYANGHANCHUNJIAOSHOU、FANFUHAOBOSHI、LAIZHAOSHENGXIANSHENG、TANGWANYONGXIANSHENGJIZHONGDUOYEJIEZHUANJIADEZHIDAOYUBANGZHU,BIZHEZAICISHENBIAOGANXIE!

用手机扫描下面的微信二维码或在微信添加朋友处搜索“广东信桥

GUANZHUXINQIAOGONGSIWEIXINGONGZHONGPINGTAI,JIESHOUGENGDUOKEXUEYANGZHUZIXUN

 

JIANKANG、GAOXIAOYANGZHU“JIUZIZHENJING”

DUOMAIZHU ZAOMAIZHU MAIHAOZHU


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