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学术与应用

“蓝耳病”临床简易判断与有效控制措施

【来源】本文刊登在南方农村报《养殖宝典》2007年第8期. 【作者】梁皓仪 【日期】2007-08-02 【关键词】福源康,保健药物,饲料添加

GAOCHUANRANXINGZHUBINGZAIGEDILIUXINGYIYOUYINIANDUOSHIJIAN,CIQIBIFUJIJIANXIEXINGZHONGFUFABINGDETAISHIRENGNANJIANDAOSHOUEZHIDEDUANNI,YEJIEDUIYIBINGXINGZHIPANDUANDESHIWUJIQICAIQUDEBUDANGCUOSHI,GENGRENWEIJIAZHONGLEBUBIYAODESUNSHI。BIZHERENWEI,BA“WUMINGGAORE”GAICHENGWEI“GAOZHIBINGXINGLANERBING”KENENGHUISHIZHUBINGKONGZHIZAIMEIYOUFANGXIANGDEJICHUSHANGZHUANRUQITU,CUOSHIKEKONGSHIJIBIRANZAOCHENGGENGDADEWUFAMIBUDESUNSHI。JIANCI,BIZHEJINJIUZHUFANZHIHUXIZONGHEZHENG(SUCHENG“LANERBING”,YIXIAJIANCHENGPRRS)DECHANGJIANLINCHUANGZHENGZHUANGJIKONGZHICUOSHIYUYEJIETONGRENZUOZAIZHUCHANGCENGCIKECAOZUODECUQIANTANTAO。

一、PRRS的常见临床表现

GENJUBIZHEXIANCHANGGUANCHAJIJINGYANPANDUAN,ZAIWOGUOJIDADUOSHUDONGNANYAGUOJIADEZHUCHANG,WULUNGUIMODAXIAO,RUWUCAIQUTESHUDEQIESHIYOUXIAOCUOSHI,JIBENSHANGDOUBUTONGCHENGDUDIGANRANLEPRRSBINGDU(YIXIAJIANCHENGPRRSV)。ZHONGSUOZHOUZHI,PRRSVDUIDONGWUZUIZHIMINGDESHANGHAISHIZHISHOUGANRANDONGWUDEJUSHIXIBAODIAOWANG。YANZHONGSUNHAIDONGWUDEMIANYIXITONGGONGNENG,BINGYINFAYIXILIEZHONGZHUFANZHIZHANGAIJISHENGZHANGZHUHUXIXITONGGONGNENGZHANGAIDEZHENGZHUANG,RUWEIDANYIBINGYUANGANRAN,SHUYUDIANXINGDEMANXINGXIAOHAOXINGYIBINGLEIXING。RANERYOUYUSHOUGANRANDONGWUDEMIANYIXITONGYANZHONGSHOUSUN,FUJIGANRANCHENGWEIBUKEBIMIANDELINCHUANGWANJI,YINERWANGWANGHUIDAOZHILINCHUANGSHOUYIZUOCHUWEIBIZHENGQUEDEPANDUAN。CONG“WUMINGGAORE”DAO“GAOZHIBINGXINGLANERBING”ZHIBINGYINSHUO,HENKENENGHENDACHENGDUSHANGSHOUCIYINGXIANG。

YIBIZHEZHIJIAN,ZHUQUNSHOUPRRSVGANRANHOU,ZUICHANGJIANDEDIANXINGZHENGZHUANGYOU:

1、 母猪便秘加重:

MUZHUBIANMIXIANXIANGJIHUZAIMEIGEPINGCHUANTONGSIWEIGUANLIDEZHUCHANGDOUHENNANBIMIAN,RANER,DADUOSHUGUANLIRENYUAN

HUIPINGCHUANTONGJINGYANRENWEIZHEISHIYOUYURILIANGCUXIANWEIBUZUSUOZHI,BINGWANGWANGHUIJIANGZENGJIARILIANGZHONGDEFUPIYONGLIANGZUOWEIJIEJUEWENTIDEZHUYAOCUOSHI,JIEGUOQUEWANGWANGNANYIRUYUAN。

CHENGRAN,ZAOCHENGMUZHUBIANMIDEYINSUHENDUO,QIZHONGWEIHAIZUIDA、YOUZUIRONGYIBEIGUANLIRENYUANHUSHIDESHIBINGYUANGANRAN,PRRSVGANRANJIAZHONGMUZHUBIANMI(RUTU)DEQINGKUANGGENGHENSHAOYINQIRENMENDEZHUYI。WULUNSHIHUAIYUNJIEDUANHAISHIBURUJIEDUAN,PRRSVGANRANDAOZHIBIANMIJIAZHONGZAOCHENGDEEGUOJINRENCHIJING。

2、眼睑水肿:

MUZHUGANRANLEPRRVS,TONGGUOCHUIZHIJISHUIPINGCHUANBO,SHIZIZHUZAICHANFANGBIANBIAOXIANCHUYANJIANSHUIZHONGDEZHENGZHUANG。

ZHUANRUBAOYUSHEHOUZHENGZHUANGJINYIBUJIAZHONG,GANRANYANZHONGDEZHUZHIDAOSHENGZHANGSHEHOUGENGFAZHANCHENG“SHUIPAOYAN”HUO“HEMAYAN”ZHUANGDEZHONGZHANGZHUANGTAI。CIZHONGZHENGZHUANGYINIANSIJIDOUHUIFASHENG,ZAIKONGQILIUTONGBUCHANGHUOKONGQIZHILIANGQIANJIADEZHUSHEQINGKUANGGENGWEIYANZHONG。

3、 泪斑及眼结膜炎(俗称红眼病):

ZHUCHANGGUANLIRENYUANJIDADUOSHUZHUANJIAWANGWANGHUIBALEIBANZHENGZHUANGGUIWEIWEISUOXINGBIYANDEBIAOZHI,RANER,HENSHAOYOU

RENLIUYIDAOGANRANPRRSVHOU,BAOYUSHEXIAOZHUZHUANRUSHENGZHANGSHEHOUXIANGDANGBUFENSHOUGANRANZHUZHICHUXIANJIANJINXINGYANJIEMOYAN(SUCHENG“HONGYANBING”),RUWUYOUXIAOCUOSHI,DAOSHANGSHITUZAIYIBUHUIHAOZHUAN。BUSHAOLINCHUANGSHOUYIWANGWANGHUIBACIZHONGYANJIEMOYANSHIWEIYIYUANTIGANRANZHENGZHUANG,KENENGHUISHIYIGEJIDADEWUQU。

SHANGSHUGANRANPRRSVDEGEZHONGDIANXINGZHENGZHUANG, JIHUZAIRENHEZHUCHANGDOUKEYIJIANDAO, ZHISHIZHENGZHUANGCHENGDUYOUSUOQUBIE,ZHEIYANGDEZHUQUNQIZHENGTIMIANYIZHUANGKUANGCHUYUYIGESHIFENMINGANDEBIANYUANSHUIPING,DUOZHONGYIMIAOJIEZHONGHOUKANGTISHUIPINGRENGRANJIAODI,YOUDEZHUQUNSHENZHIJIEZHONGBEILIANGZHUWENYIMIAOSANZHOUHOUYIJIANCEBUCHUKANGTI。CHUYUCIZHONGZHUANGTAIDEZHUQUNRUWUEXINGYOUYIN(RULIUGANBINGDUGANRAN)DAORU,ZHUQUNHUIZAILIPINZHONG/PINXISUONENGDADAODESHENGCHANXINGNENGJIAOYUANDEDISHUIPINGSHANG“ZHENGCHANG”YUNXING,YIDANDAORUYOUYIN,ZESUISHIKENENGFASHENGGUPAIXIAOYING,ZAOCHENGWUFAWANHUIDESUNSHI。

二、PRRSV感染后的控制措施

1、 药物控制的可能性:

BIZHEFANFUQIANGDIAO,YIBINGFANGZHIBIXUJINGZUNXUN“SANYUANZE”,JIa、PANDUANZHENGQUE;b、YOUKECAOZUOXING;c、YOULINGRENMANYIDEJIEGUO。SHANGSHUZHENGZHUANGJIRANYIWEIPRRSVGANRAN,NEIZHINENGYONGKONGZHIBINGDUDEFANGFAQUCHULI。SHISHISHANG,ZHIJINWEIZHI,KENENGHAIMEIYOUZHIJIEYOUXIAODUIFUZHUBINGDUGANRANDEYAOWU,LINCHUANGSHOUYIYIFEICHANGQINGCHU,MEIYOURENHEKANGSHENGSUHUOHUAXUEYAOWUKEYIYOUXIAOCHULIZHEIXIEZHENGZHUANG,YINERYAOWUCHULIJIHUMEIYOUKENENG。

2、 疫苗控制的可能性:

RUWENXIANJICONGZHONGDUOFENZISHENGWUXUEZHUANJIABAODAO,PRRSVFEICHANGRONGYICHANSHENGBIANYI,ZHIJINWEIZHI,SHIJIEGEDIHAIWEIJIANYOUQUESHIYOUXIAODEYIMIAOWENSHI,ZHENGRUWOGUONONGYEBUSHOUYIJUJIAYOULINGJUZHANGZAI07NIAN6YUE23RIDEZHONGGUOCHUMUYEXIEHUIZHUYEFENHUISHANGDEBAOGAOXUANBUDEJIEGUO:ZHIJINWEIZHI,ZAIWOGUONENGMAIDAODEBAOKUOJINKOU、GUOCHANDEHEFAHUOWEIFASHENGCHANDE15ZHONG“LANERBING”RUODUMIAOMEIYOUYIZHONGSHIYOUXIAODE。YINCI,YONGYIMIAOKONGZHI“LANERBING”DECHULUZANHAIBUTONG。

3、 环境卫生管理措施

HAOWUYIWEN,LIANGHAODEZHUSHEHUANJINGWEISHENGGUANLI,SHIDIYURENHEBINGYUANRUQINDEZHONGYAOCUOSHI,LINGRENYIHANDESHI,

DUIFUKETONGGUOCHUIZHICHUANBODEPRRVSGANRAN,GAISHANZHUSHEHUANJINGWEISHENGZHUANGKUANGZHINENGQIDAOHUANJIEZHENGZHUANGDEZUOYONG,ERWUFAXIAOMIEDONGWUTINEIDEBINGYUAN。

4、 重构动物非特异性主动免疫功能可能是最有效的出路

RUBIZHEZAIDUOZHONGCHANGHEFANFUQIANGDIAODE,DUIFUBINGDUGANRANZUIYOUXIAODEWUQISHIDONGWUJITIBENSHENDEMIANYIXI

BAO、YAXIBAOCHENGFENJIQIFENMIWU。CONGJINHUASHENGWUXUEDEZHEXUEJIAODUFENXI,GAODENGDONGWUTIANSHENGJIUJUYOUSHIYINGQISHENGCUNHUANJINGDEKANGBINGNENGLI————BIZHECHENGZHIWEIFEITEYIXINGZHUDONGMIANYIGONGNENG,ZHISHIYOUYUSHENGCUNHUANJING(BAOKUONEIHUANJING)DEELIE,SHIQIZAIPEITAIQIJICHUSHENGHOUJIUBUDUANZAOSHOUGEZHONGBINGYUANDERUQIN,BINGCHENGSHOUGEZHONGYOUDUCHENGFENYUYINGJIYINZIDESHANGHAI,SHIQIFEITEYIXINGZHUDONGMIANYIGONGNENGZAOSHOUBUTONGCHENGDUDESUNHAI,KANGXIEBINGYUANRUQINDENENGLIBIRANDADAZHEKOU。YINCI,YAOYOUXIAODIDUIFUBAOKUOPRRSVDEBINGDUGANRAN,ZUIYOUXIAODECUOSHIBUSHIKANGSHENGSUHUOHUAXUEYAOWU,ERSHINENGYOUXIAOHUIFUHUOZHONGGOUDONGWUFEITEYIXINGZHUDONGMIANYIGONGNENGDEMIANYIDIAOJIEJI。

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