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学术与应用

猪饲料中“含铜量超高”及铜源问题的概况

【来源】广东信桥科技发展有限公司 【作者】 【日期】2009-08-01 【关键词】福源康,保健药物,饲料添加

ZAIWOGUO,ZHUSILIAOZHONG“HANTONGLIANGCHAOGAO”WENTIYOULAIYIJIU,ZHISHAOYIYOUERSHINIANZHIJIU,SUIZHESILIAOSHICHANGDEBIANQIAN,BUDANZHUSILIAOZHONG“HANTONGLIANGCHAOGAO”WENTIYOURIQUYANZHONGZHISHI,YIGONGYEFEIQIWUZUOWEITONGYUANSHENGCHAN“LIUSUANTONG”HUO“JIANSHILVHUATONG”GENGSHICHANGJIAZUOWEIJIANGDISHENGCHANCHENGBEN,ZHUANQUCHAOELIRUNDEJIBENSHOUDUAN。GONGYEFEIQIWUZHONGKENENGCUNZAIDEDUOZHONGYOUHAIJINSHUYUANSU,YI“LIUSUANTONG” HUO“JIANSHILVHUATONG”DEXINGSHIJINRUSHIWULIAN,BINGDUIDONGWUCHANPINDEZHONGDUANXIAOFEIZHEGOUCHENGYANZHONGDEQIANZAIJIANKANGWEIXIE,QIWEIHAICHENGDUYUANFEICHANGJIANDEYAOWUCANLIUKEYIXIANGTIBINGLUN。ZIJIANGYOUGUANGAIKUANGJIANSHURUXIA,WANGNENGYINQIXIANGGUANGUANLIBUMENDEZHONGSHI,BINGJIAYIYOUXIAODEKONGZHI。

一、“高铜饲料”的由来

SHANGSHIJIBASHINIANDAICHUQI,LUXUYOUGUOWAIWENXIANBAODAOXIAOZHU(DUANNAIHOU2-3ZHOU)SILIAOZHONGTIANJIAGAOTONG(150-250ppmCu++)DUIKONGZHIXIAOZHUXIJUNXINGLAXIYOUYIDINGXIAOGUO,SUIHOUYIYOUGUONEIXUEZHEFUZHIYOUGUANSHIYAN。ZONGTILAISHUO,GAILEISHIYAN“YOUXIAO”YU“WUXIAO”DEJIEGUOJIBENSHANGGEZHANQIBAN。DANYOUYUYOUGUANZHUANYEZAZHIDUOXUAN“CHENGGONG”DEANLIBAODAO,YUSHI“GAOTONGSILIAO”ZAIXINGYENEIYINQIGUANZHU。SUIZHETAIGUOZHENGDAJITUANJINRUZHONGGUODALU,YI“GAOTONGJIWEIGAODANGLIAO”DEMAIDIANZAINONGCUNSHICHANGBUDUANQIANGHUA,ZUIHOUXINGCHENG“ZHUFENHEISEJIWEIGAODANGLIAO”DECUOWUGUANNIAN,ZUIZHONGWANQUANMOHULEXIAOZHUDUANNAIZAOQIYUSHENGZHANGZHUGEJIEDUANSILIAODEJIEXIAN,ZHUJIANXINGCHENGSHENGZHANGFEIYUZHUJUNYIFENBIANHEISEWEIBIAOZHUNDEWUQU,YIZHIZAOCHENGFENBIANBUHEIDESILIAOBIANWURENYAODEEGUO 。

二、“高铜饲料”的危害

BUSHAOYANJINDEXUEZHEDEYANJIUJIEGUOBIAOMING,“GAOTONGSILIAO”DUIXIAOZHUDUANNAIZAOQIDEXIJUNXINGLAXIBINGWUQUEQIEXIAOGUO(SHISHISHANG,YOUHENDUOGENGWEIKEXUEDESIYANGGUANLIFANGFAKEYIYOUXIAOKONGZHIXIAOZHULAXI,SHIWUBIYAOYONG“GAOTONGSILIAO”),DUIZHONG、DAZHUDESHENGZHANGFAYUZEBUDANWUYI,FANERYOUHAI,ZHANGQISIWEI“GAOTONGSILIAO”HUIYANHUANSHENGZHANGZHUDESHENGZHANGSUDU,JIANGDISILIAOLIYONGLV。GENGYOUSHENZHE,“GAOTONGSILIAO”SIYANGDEZHU,QIRUANZUZHI(RUNEIZANG)GUGEJIJIROUDETONGHANLIANGHUIBIZHENGCHANGSILIAOWEICHULAIDEZHUROUZUZHIDETONGHANLIANGGAOSHUBEIZHISHUSHIBEIBUDENG;ERSILIAOZHONGDETONGZEJUEDABUTONGGUOFENBIANPAIDAOZHOUWEIHUANJING,DUITURANGJISHUITIZAOCHENGWUFAGAIBIANDEWURAN。

三、铜源的问题

GUOJISHANG,GENJUCHANPINHANZACHENGDUBAJINSHUYUANSUCHANPINYICIFENWEI“GONGYEJI”、“SILIAOJI”JI“SHIPINJI”SANGEJIBIE,SILIAOJIYISHANGCHANPINYIKUANGYUANXINGYUANLIAOJINGDUOCITUOZHONGJINSHUHOUSHENGCHANJIAGONGERCHENG,BUFENYAOQIUYANGEDEGUOJIA,ZEGUIDINGSHIPINJICHANPINYINGYICHUNDIANJIECHANWUZUOYUANLIAO。SHANGSHIJIJIUSHINIANDAICHUZHIQIAN,WOGUOSHENGCHANDELIUSUANTONGJIBENSHANGYOUKUANGYUANXINGTONGYUANJINGTUOZHONGJINSHUSHENGCHANERCHENG;JIUSHINIANDAIZHONGHOUQIZEKAISHIYOURENYIJINKOUDIANZILAJISHUIJIEWUZUOTONGYUANSHENGCHANLIUSUANTONG,SUIZHEGONGYETONGYUANDEJIAGESHANGSHENG,BENSHIJICHUSHI,ZHUBUZHUANYONGDIANDUFEIYELAISHENGCHANSILIAOJIDE“LIUSUANTONG”HUO“JIANSHILVHUATONG”,SUIZHE“SILIAOJI”CHANPINSHENGCHANYUANLIAODEZHUBUJIANGJI,DIANZILAJIJIDIANDUFEIYEZHONGKENENGCUNZAIDEDALIANGYOUHAIJINSHUYUANSU(RUCr、Ni、Hg……DENG)TONGGUOSILIAOCHANPINJINRUSIYANGDONGWUTINEI,BINGZHUANYIDAOZUIZHONGXIAOFEIZHESHENSHANG,QIWEIHAICHENGDUKEXIANGERZHI。

四、检测标准与检测标的问题

YOUYUSIYONGKUANGWUYUANSUDEJIANCEMUBIAOSHIKUANGYUANXINGDEZHONGJINSHU(SHEN、GE、QIAN,YIBANYIQIANWEIDAIBIAO),ERGONGYEFEILIAOZHONGHANQIANLIANGBINGBUGAO,JINGCHANGQINGKUANGXIAKEYISHUNLITONGGUOSILIAOJIANCEGUAN,ERBINGBUZAIJIANCEFANWEINEIDEQITAKENENGCUNZAIDE、WEIHAICHENGDUGENGDADEZHONGJINSHUYUANSU(RUCr、Ni、Hg,SHENZHIHAIYOUGENGDUOQITAYUANSU)ZEZAIRENHEQINGKUANGXIADOUKEYIANQUANTAOGUOSILIAOJIANCE。YINCI,YIYANZHONGWEIHAIRENLEIANQUANDEDIANZILAJIHUODIANDUFEIYEWEIYUANLIAOSHENGCHANCHUDESILIAOJI“LIUSUANTONG”HUO“JIANSHILVHUATONG”KEYITANGERHUANGZHIDAISHANG“HEGE”DEBIAOQIAN。

GENGYOUSHENZHE,SHANGSHIJIMOZHIBENSHIJICHU,SUOWEI“YOUJISHEN”、“YOUJIGE”BEIYUNXUTIANJIADAOSILIAOZHONG,YOUGUANJIANCEBIAODEGENGJIAMOHU。SHISHISHANG,ZHIJINWEIZHI,MEIYOUKEKAODEFANGFALAIQUFENYOUJIHUOWUJI,ZHEIJIZHONGJINSHUDEANQUANWENTIYOUZENGJIALEYIZHONGZHANGAI。

五、饲料营养标准中的铜含量问题

ZAIQUANJIASILIAOHUOYUHUNLIAOZHONG,TONGYUANSUSHIZUOWEIYINGYANGSUERBIAODINGDONGWU“XUYAOLIANG”HUOSILIAO“GONGJILIANG”DE,QUANJIAZHUSILIAOZHONG,YIBANHANLIANGWEI10-25ppm。RANER,YOUYUSHICHANGDUI“GAOTONG”(SHIWEIHEISEFENBIAN)DEZHUIQIU,BENSHIJICHU,ZAISILIAOQIYEDAIBIAODEZHUIBIXIA,FUZEZUZHIQICAOYIXILIESILIAOBIAOZHUNDE“QUANGUOSILIAOGONGYEHUABIAOZHUNWEIYUANHUI”,ZAICUNZAIJIDAZHENGYIDEQINGKUANGXIA,YIDUOSHUPIAOTONGGUOZHUSILIAOZHONGTONGHANLIANGDEGAOXIANZHIBIAO(XIAOZHULIAO250ppm,ZHONG、DAZHULIAO125ppm),SHISHISHANGYIBASILIAOTONGYUANSUDEYINGYANGSHUXINGWANQUANGAIBIANWEIBUCHAOSHANGXIANDEWEISHENGANQUANSHUXING。YUSHI“YOUFAKEYI”DESILIAOQIYE,SUOSHENGCHANDE“GAOTONG”QUANJIASILIAOHUOYUHUNLIAO,BIANSIWUJIDANDIXUNSUFUGAIDABANGEZHONGGUODEZHUSILIAOSHICHANG,ZHIYOUSHAOBUFENYOUSILIAOSHENGCHANNENGLIBINGQIEYOUZHENGQUERENZHILINIANDEDAXINGZHUCHANGCAIHUIJIANSHOUFUZERENDEDAODEDIXIANYUJIBENYINGYANGXUECHANGSHI。

YIBANQINGKUANGXIA,XIANSHIDADUOSHUZHUCHANGSUOYONGDESILIAO,ZHIYAOKEJIANFENBIANHEISE,QIQUANJIALIAOZHONGTONGHANLIANGYIBANDOUZAI125-250ppmZHIJIAN,JIGEBIEDEKENENGCHAOGUO250ppm。

六、结语

“GAOTONGSILIAO”GAINIANDEWUDAO,SHIDONGWU、HUANJING、NAIZHIRENLEIDOUSHENSHOUQIHAI,ERYIGONGYEFEIQIWUWEIYUANLIAOSHENGCHANDE“LIUSUANTONG”HUO“JIANSHILVHUATONG”GENGBAQIWEIHAICHENGDUTISHENGDAOGENGGAOJIBIE。RUHECONGCHANPINDEYUANTOU,ERBUSHIDONGWUCHANPINDEZHONGDUANKONGZHISIYONGKUANGWUYUANSUDEANQUANWENTI,BINGCONGZHONGXINSHENLIHUOXIUGAI“SILIAOBIAOZHUN”DECENGMIANDADAOYOUXIAOKONGZHITONGYUANSUDELANYONG,BAOZHENGDONGWU,HUANJINGYURENLEIZISHENANQUAN,SHIBAIZAISILIAOXINGYEJIYANGZHUYEGUANLIZHEMIANQIANBIZAIMEIJIEDEDAKETI。

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