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学术与应用

猪蹄疾患—迷惘、误区与解决方案

【来源】omnimint.com 【作者】XQ 【日期】2012-01-31 【关键词】福源康,保健药物,饲料添加

梁皓仪1 曾保忠2

1.广东信桥科技发展有限公司,2.广东省佛山市南海区狮山农林服务中心)

ZICONGJIYUEHUAYANGZHUFANGSHITUIXINGYILAI,ZHUTIJIHUANJIUYIZHISHIZHANGQIKUNRAOQUANQIUYANGZHURENDEXINFUDAHUAN。CULVEJISUAN,ZAIWOGUO,YOUYUFEILIUXINGBINGDAOZHIDEZHUTIJIHUANDESUNSHIMEINIANZAI400-600YIYUANRENMINBIZHIDUO,SHISHENGZHUJIAGEBUTONGERYI,GAIXIANGZONGHESUNSHIKEDAYANGZHUCHANYEZONGZHIDE6-8%,HUOYANGZHULIRUNDE20-50%BUDENG,ZHEIXIE“YINXING”SUNSHIWANGWANGMEIYOUYINQIYENEIRENSHIDEGAODUGUANZHU,QUESHIZAOCHENGWOGUOYANGZHUYECHENGBENPIANGAO,XIAOYIPIANDIDEJIGEZHONGYAOYUANYINZHIYI。RANER,YOUYUZAOCHENGZHUTIJIHUANDEYUANYINXIANGDUIFUZA,YUANFEIDANYIYINZIHUOJIANDANDUIYINGCUOSHIKEYIJIEJUE,YINERYELINGYENEIRENSHICHANSHENGBUSHAOMIWANGYUWUQU,QIZHONGZUIZHUYAODEYOUYIXIAJIGEFANGMIANWENTI:

1 . 对蹄病认识上的误区

1.1 . 传染性蹄疾与非传染性蹄疾认识上的误区。

YIBANDISHUO,ZHUDECHUANRANXINGTIJIZHUYAOZHISHUIPAOBINGHUOKOUTIYI,ZHEILIANGZHONGBINGDOUSHIDIANXINGDEQIANGJIECHUXINGCHUANBODEBINGDUBING,ERFEICHUANRANXINGTIJIZESHIYOUYURILIANGZHONGZHANGQICUNZAIDUOZHONGYINGYANGSUQUEXIAN(YINGYANGSUQUEFAHUOSHIHENG),DAOZHIZHENPIZUZHIDESHANGPIXIBAOJIEGOUFASHENGDUANLIEHUOJIXINGZENGSHENG,JIAOZHIHUAGUOCHENGZHONGXINGCHENGTIJIADEKAILIECHUANGKOUHUOEXINGZENGSHENG,SUIZHIZAOSHOUXIJUNHUOBINGDUGANRAN,DAOZHIHUANZHUZHANLI、XINGZOUKUNNAN,DANYIBANBUJUBEICHUANRANXINGTEZHENG。RANER,YOUYUYINGYANGXINGQUEXIANDAOZHIDELIETIHUOSUIHOUGANRANEHUACHENGFUTI,KEGUANSHANGJICHUANRANXINGTIBINGDEGANRANCHUANBODAKAILESHOUDAOFANGYUPINGZHANG,RANGBINGDUDERUQINRURUWURENZHIJING,CONGZHEIYIJIAODULAIKAN,FEICHUANRANXINGTIJISHISHISHANGYUCHUANRANXINGTIJICUNZAIMOUZHONGCHENGDUDEGUANLIAN。CIWAI,DANGZHUQUNZAOSHOUCHUANRANXINGTIJIQINRAOHOU,FUTIWENTIGENGWEITUCHU,YINCI,SHENGCHANSHANGBUSHAOZHUCHANGGUANLIRENYUANWANGWANGJIANGLIANGZHEHUNWEIYITAN,ZAICAIQUYUFANGHUOCHULIFANGANSHI,ZAOCHENGBUSHAODEHUNLUAN,ZAIXIGUANYU“JIANBINGZHIBING”DESIWEIFANGSHIZHIPEIXIA,SHIZHONGWUFALIJIEGENGWUFAYOUXIAOJIEJUEYINYINGYANGQUEXIANZAOCHENGDEFEICHUANRANXINGTIJIDEWENTI。YOUYUZHONGSUOZHOUZHIDEYUANYIN,BENWENZHITAOLUNFEICHUANRANXINGTIJIWENTI。

1.2 . 裂蹄与腐蹄判断的误区

HENDUOYANGZHURENPINGSHIHENSHAOGUANZHUZHUQUNTIBUDEJIANKANGZHUANGKUANG,ZHISHIKANDAOZHUZHIZHANLI、XINGZOUKUNNAN,SHENZHIFACHUTONGKUDEAOJIAOSHICAIJUEDEZHUTICHULEWENTI,CAIRENWEIZHEIBUFENZHUFASHENGLE“LIETI”LE。SHISHISHANG,ZHEIXIEYOUWENTIDEZHUCISHIDETIBINGZAOYICONGZAOQIDEFEIGANRANXINGLIETIFAZHANWEIJIDUYANZHONGWUKEJIUYAODEFUTIHOUQI,XUANZETAOTAISHIYANGZHURENKEYICAIQUDEWEIYICUOSHI。ERZHISUOYIZAOCHENGCIZHONGJUMIAN,ZUIZHUYAODEYUANYINSHIZHUCHANGGUANLIRENYUANZAIGUANCHAZHUTIJIANKANGZHUANGTAISHICUNZAIFANGFASHANGDEWUQU:。

1.3 .观察猪蹄方法的误区

DADUOSHUZHUCHANGGUANLIRENYUANZAIXUNSHIZHUQUNSHIDOUSHIYAOGANTINGZHI,MUBUXIESHI,YINCIZHUDETIBUWANGWANGCHENGLEGUANCHAZHEDEMANGQU,CHUFEISHENGZHUDETIGUANBUZONGXIANGCHUANGKOUJIAODAHUOFUTIQINGKUANGJIAOYANZHONGZHEWAI,FOUZEHENNAN“KANDAO”HUANYOUTIJIDEBINGZAOSUOZAI,YOUQISHIZAISIYANGMIDUJIAODA,LANSHEDIMIANJIAOZANGDEZHONG、DAYUFEIZHUQUNZHONG,YIBANHENNANCHAJUEDAOZHUTICUNZAIDEYINHUAN,NEIXIEZAOQISHENGZHANGSUDUJIAOKUAI,TIJIXIANGDUIJIAOZHONG,WEIJIANSHAOZHANLIHUOXINGZOUDAOZHIDETONGCHUERZHANGSHIJIANWODIBUQI(YOUXIESHENGZHUSHENZHIZAIGUANLIRENYUANQUGANSHIJUJUEZHANLI)DESHENGZHUWANGWANGHUIBEIGUANLIRENYUANWURENWEITIZHONGDA,CHIBAOJIUSHUIDEHAOZHU。SHISHISHANG,ZHEIXIEZAOQISHENGZHANGKUAIDE“TOUZHU”YINTIJIWENTIERZHIYINGXIANGZHENGCHANGDECAISHIXINGWEI,DAOLEHOUQIDADUOYINSHIZHONGGUODUO,FANERCHENGWEITIZHONGDIYUQUNTIPINGJUNSHUIPINGDE“WEIZHU”。

YINCI,GUANCHAZHUTIJIANKANGZHUANGKUANGDEZHENGQUEFANGFASHI,DAISHENGZHUWOXIASHIGUANCHARENYUANYAOWANYAO、DITOU,XIXINGUANCHAMEIYOUWUWUZHEGAIDEZHUTIDIBUJITIGUANBUDESHENGLIJIEGOU,JIANKANGDEZHUTIYINGGAIZAIMEIGEJIAOZHIDEDIBUDOUYOUYIKUAIYUANRUN、GUANGHUA、FUYOUDANXINGDEROUDIAN(SUCHENGROUZHEN),QIEZHENGGETIJIAJIEGOUWANZHENG、MEIYOULIEWEN,QIEPINGHUA,YOUGUANGZE。

1.4 对不同猪群蹄疾判断上的误区

YOUYUSHANGSHUWUQUDECUNZAI,DADUOSHUYANGZHURENRENWEIZHIYOUZHONGZHUHEHOUBEIZHUYOUTIJIWENTI,ERSHANGPINZHUZEMEIYOUWENTI。ZHEISHIMUQIANYEJIECUNZAIDEJIQIYANZHONGDEPANDUANWUQU,YESHIMUQIANZAOCHENGWOGUOSHANGPINZHUSHENGCHANXINGNENGJIAODIDESHIFENYANZHONGDEYIGEMANGQU。RUQIANSUOSHU,SHENGZHUZAOQICHUXIANDEFEIGANRANXINGLIETI,QIGENBENYUANYINSHICUNZAIDUOZHONGYINGYANGYUANSUDEQUEFA,YINGYANGQUEXIANDECUNZAISHOUYINGXIANGZUIDADEDANGRANSHISHENGZHANGSUDUZUIKUAIDESHANGPINZHUHEHOUBEIZHONGZHU,YIJIXIANZHICAISHILIANGDERENSHENMUZHU,ERYOUYUSHENGZHANGZHUDETIJIASHENGZHANGZHOUQIYIBANWEI6-8ZHOUZUOYOU,YINCI,DANGWOMENJISHIHENMINGANDI“KANDAO”GANGGANGCHUXIANTIJIALIEHENSHI,YINGYANGQUEXIANWENTIZAOYIFASHENGZAIZHISHAOLIANGGEYUEZHIQIAN,ERDANGYEZHUCHUSHOUSHANGPINFEIZHUSHIKANDAOYOUXIESHENGZHUBOXING,HENNANGANJINYUNZHUCHESHI,JUDADESUNSHIHENKENENGZAOZAIXIAOZHUBAOYUJIEDUANYIJINGFASHENG。TONGYANGDAOLI,DANGZHONGZHUCHANGCHUSHOUHOUBEIZHONGZHUSHIFAXIANSHENGZHUYOUBOXINGJIXIANGSHI,YINGYANGQUEXIANWENTIZHISHAOFASHENGZAI3-4GEYUEZHIQIAN,ERYIXIECHUSHOU50GONGJINHOUBEIZHONGZHUSHIYIFAXIANDELIETIXIANXIANG,ZAOQIDEYINGYANGQUEXIANWENTIKENENGGENGWEIFUZALE。ZHIYUZHONGZHUDEFUTIGENGSHIWENTIZHANGQILEIJIBINGFASHENGXIJUNHUOBINGDUDUOZHONGGANRANDEJIEGUO。SUOYI,ZAIGUANCHAZHUTIJIANKANGZHUANGKUANGSHI,“YANJIANWEISHI”DEPOSUZHUYISIWEIFANGSHISHISHISHANGYIJINGYUANYUANZHIHOUYUZHENSHIDEKEGUANSHISHILE。ERDUISHANGPINZHUZHANGQICUNZAITIJIWENTICAIQU“SHIERBUJIAN”DETAIDUZEKENENGYUGUANLIRENYUANLIANGHAODEXINLISUZHIYOUGUAN,ZHIYOUZHANGQIHUOZAIZIWOGANJUELIANGHAODEHUANJUEZHIZHONG,CAIYOUKENENGDADAORUCI“MUKONGYIQIE”DEJINGJIE。

2 .对导致非传染性蹄疾原因理解上的误区

YOUYUJIYUEHUAYANGZHUZHANGQIYILAIWUFABAITUOFEICHUANRANXINGTIJIDEKUNRAO,JISHIYIXIEYANGZHUJISHUPOSHOUZHUMUDEOU、MEIGUOJIADEYANGZHUTONGXINGDUICILEIWANJIYIPOGANJIUJIE,GELEIZHUANJIADUOYIGEZIDE“JINGYAN”LAIFENXIDAOZHIGAILEITIJIDEYUANYIN,DUOYOUSHIPIANPO,QIZHONGWUQUJIAOZHONGDEYOU:

2.1 品种的差异

BUSHAOZHUANJIARENWEI,ZHUTIJIHUANYUPINZHONGHUOPINXIYOUGUAN,YIBANRENWEITUZHONGZHU、TUZAZHUDEZHUTIJIAOWEI“JIANZHUANG”,TIBINGXIANGDUIJIAOSHAOHUOJIAOQING;XUANYUXINGPINZHONGHUOPINXIDEZHUTI“JIAORUO”,TIBINGJIAODUOHUOJIAOZHONG;DUOSHURENRENWEI“DANXIZHU”DETIBU“ZUIRUO”,TIBINGDEWENTIJIAODUOQIEJIAOZHONG,ZHEISIHUYICHENGWEIYENEITONGXINGDE“GONGSHI”。RANER,JUBIZHEZHANGQIGUANCHABINGCAIQUXIANGYINGGANYUCUOSHIDEYANJIUJIEGUOQUEWANQUANFOUDINGLECI“JIELUN“。SHISHISHANG,YENEITONGRENDECHUDESHANGSHU”GUANCHAJIEGUO“,ZHISHIYIZHONGBIAOXIANG,ERFEIZHENZHENGYUANYIN,ZHICHIPINZHONG/PINXIYUTIJIGUANXIBIAOXIANGDEBEIHOUQISHISHIPINZHONG/PINXIDESHENGCHANXINGNENG(ZHUYAOTIXIANZAISHENGZHANGZHUDESHENGZHANGSUDUHUOZHONGZHUDEFANZHIXINGNENG)DUIGEXIANGYINGYANGSUDEXUQIUYURILIANGYINGYANGGONGJIDECHAYICHENGDU,SHENGCHANXINGNENGYUEHAODEPINZHONG/PINXIQIDUIYINGYANGSUDEYAOQIUYUEGAO,ZAISILIAOPEIFANGJIYUANCAILIAOXIANGTONGDEQINGKUANGXIA,RUGUORILIANGSHERULIANGXIANGTONG,SHENGCHANXINGNENGQIANLIYUEDADEPINZHONG/PINXIQIBIAOXIANCHUDEYINGYANGQUEFACHENGDUYEYUEGAO,LINCHUANGSHANGKEYIKANDAODETIJIQINGKUANGYIGENGYANZHONG。YINCI,YANGEDISHUO,ZHUQUNDETIJIBIAOXIANQINGKUANGYUQISHUOSHIYUPINZHONG/PINXIYOUGUAN,BURUGENGKEGUANDISHUOSHIYUWOMENYANGZHURENDEYINGYANGZHISHI、SIYANGGUANNIANYUSIWEIFANGFAYOUGUAN。HAOWUYIWEN,ZAIZHUDEYUZHONGJINCHENGYUYINGYANGYANJIUSHANGSIHUYIZHICUNZAITONGBUCHAYI,DANMAI、MEIGUOTONGXINGDUIZHUTIJIANKANGWENTIDEKUNRAOYIPOGANFANNAO,TAMENDEPINZHONGZAIYAZHOUDIQUDEBIAOXIANSIHUBIQIZAIBENTUSIYANGDEZHUQUNZHITIJIANKANGWENTIGENGWEITUCHU,ZHEIYUSILIAOYUANLIAOZHILIANG、PEIFANGJISHU、SIWEICHENGXUYUYOUDUYOUHAICHENGFEN(YIMEIJUNDUSUJIWUHUABAMENDEMEIJUNDUSUXIFUJIDELANYONGWEISHEN)DENGFANGMIANWENTIDECUNZAIBUWUGUANXI。

2.2 与季节有关的误区

BUSHAOYANGZHUPENGYOURENWEIZHUTIJIHUANZHUYAOFASHENGZAIQIUDONGJIJIE,QITASHIJIANWENTIBUDA。QISHIZHEISHIGEJIDADEWUQU,YEXUSHIYOUYUGUANLIRENYUANZAIQIUDONGJIJIETAOTAICHULIYOUZHITIJIHUANDEBINGZHUSHULIANGJIAODUOLIUXIADEYINXIANGSUOZHI,RUQIANSUOSHU,CISHIBUNENGZAIAOXIAQUDESHENGZHUQISHIZAOZAISHUYUEQIANYIBAWENTILEIJIXIALAILE。CHENGRAN,ZAIQIUDONGJIJIEKENENGYOUYUKONGQISHIDUYOUSUOJIANDI,JIAJULELIETIHUOFUTICHUANGKOUDEKAILIECHENGDU,NANMIANRANGZHUCHANGGUANLIRENYUANZAIGUANCHASHANGYOU“JIASHENYINXIANG”DEXIAOGUO。BIZHESUOJIAN,ZAIWOGUODEHAINANDAO,JISHIZAIYANREXIAJIJIEYECUNZAIXIANGDANGYANZHONGDETIJIWENTI,JIZHUCHANGZAOCHENGJIDADEYINXINGSUNSHI。ZUIJINJINIAN,BIZHEZAITAIGUO、MALAIXIYA、YINNI、FEILVBINDENGWUDONGXIAZHIFENDEYAREDAIDIQUSUOKANDAODEZHUQUNTIJIWENTITONGYANGXIANGDANGYANZHONG,HAOWUYIWEN,ZHEIYUMOUXIEYANGZHUPENGYOUDEJIJIEXINGGUANNIANHAOWUGUANXI。ERZUOWEIYOULIDEZUOZHENG,YUANXIANTIBINGWENTIXIANGDANGYANZHONGDEZHUCHANG,ZAISHIYONGLEJIANZHUANGSUHUNHELIAOHOU,YINIANSIJIZAIBUHUICHUXIANLIETIHUOFUTIDEANLI。KEJIANFEICHUANRANXINGTIJIDEYUANFAXINGYINSUYUJIJIEMEIYOUXIANGGUANGUANXI。

2.3 猪舍地板结构的误区

YIXIEYANGZHURENRENWEIZHUDELIETIYUDIBANJIEGOUYOUGUAN,YOUQISHISHUINILOUFENGDIBANHUIDAOZHIYANZHONGDELIETIWENTI;YEYOUYIXIEYANGZHURENGUANCHADAOXINPUDESHUINIDIMIAN“XIANDUDA”,DUIZHUTIDESUNSHANGYIJIAOZHONG。QISHI,ZHEIDOUSHISHOUPOSUDE“YANJIANWEISHI”DEJINGYANZHUYIGUANNIANZHIPEISHIRAN。HAOWUYIWEN,BUTONGSHEJIFANGSHIHUOBUTONGCAIZHIDEZHUSHEDIBANHUIDUIZHUQUNDE“SHUSHIGANJUE”CHANSHENGBUTONGDEYINGXIANG,DANJISHIZAIHESHIDETIAOJIANYEBUKENENGJIANGSHITOUFUCHUXIAOJIDEDAOLIYIYANG,RUGUOSHENGZHUDEYINGYANGWENTIMEIYOUDEDAOHENHAODEJIEJUE,RENHEXINGSHIDEDIBANJIEGOUYEBUKENENGBIMIANTIJIDECHANSHENG。

SHUNIANQIANBIZHEYINGYINNIMOUDAXINGYANGZHUGONGSI(MEIRICHULAN1100TOUSHANGPINFEIZHU)ZHIYAOXIEZHUCHULIJISHUWENTI,JIANQIHOUBEIMUZHUSHECAIYONGQUANKAIFANGSHIYUNDONGCHANGXINGDALAN、80LIMIHOUDEXISHAZUODIMIAN,YIQIDADAODUANLIANZHITI、JIANSHAOTIBINGFASHENGDEMUDE,BIZHEDUICIJUPOGANXINGQU,DANDUISHANYULIXINGSIWEIDEAODALIYAJIGUANLIRENYUANTICHUSHIFOUYOUZUOTONGJIXUEFENXISHI,DUIFANGTANYAN,LIANGNIANDUODESHIJIANJIEGUOBIAOMING,ZHEIZHISHIYIZHONGXINLIANWEICUOSHIERYI,BINGWUSHIZHIXINGXIAOGUO。CONGGAIANLIKEYICHONGFENSHUOMING,ZHUTIJIHUANYUDIMIANJIEGOUBUCUNZAIYUANFAXINGYILAIGUANXI。

YUZHIXIANGFAN,JISHIZAIXIANGTONGDEZHUSHE,ZHIYAOCAIQULESHIHEDECHULIFANGAN(RUTIANJIAJIANZHUANGSU400-500KE/DUNLIAO),WULUNHEZHONGLEIXINGDEDIMIANJIEGOU,QINGZHE(WUGANRANXINGLIETI)LIANGGEYUEZUOYOU,ZHONGZHE(QINGDUFUTI)BUCHAOGUO3-4GEYUE,ZHUTIDEJIANKANGQINGKUANGJIUFASHENGFANTIANFUDIDEBIANHUA。ZHANGQIZHENGQUETIANJIAJIANZHUANGSUDEZHUCHANG,TIJIWENTIBUZAIFASHENG。BUJIUQIAN,MOUDAXINGGUOYOUJINCHUKOUGONGSIDELAOZONGGAOSUBIZHE,TAMENDELIANGGECHANG(GONGYUE5000TOUCUNLANMUZHU),ZHANGQIYILAIYINTIJIWENTIBEIBIBUDINGQIDITAOTAI10%ZUOYOUDEMUZHU,YONGLEFUYUANKANGHEJIANZHUANGSUBANNIANHOUZAIMEIYOUYITOUYINTIJIERZAOTAOTAIDEZHONGZHU,QIEMUZHUMEITAICHANZISHUZHISHAOZENGJIA0.8TOU。SHANGPINZHUDADAOXIANGTONGSHANGSHITIZHONGDESIYANGSHIJIANKEJIANSHAO15TIANYISHANG。TAYIJIWEIXINGXIANGDEBIYUMIAOSHUZHUTIDEBIANHUA:WULUNSHIZHONGZHUHAISHISHANGPINZHU,QUANBUCHUANSHANGLEXINPIXIE。

3. 对蹄疾危害认识的误区

对猪蹄疾患的危害问题,很多业内人士往往只局限于“就蹄论蹄”的片面认识,他们虽然明知每年淘汰的种猪中有一半甚至一半以上是由于腐蹄问题不得不忍痛淘汰,但却没有多少人会把导致蹄疾的原发性根本原因即长期存在营养缺陷,可能带来的比淘汰有可视缺陷的种猪损失更大的隐性损失即繁殖猪群整体生产性能远远低于其遗传潜力;据笔者多年观察,在其它条件基本不变的前提下,采取合适的营养补充措施(每吨全价料添加400-500克健壮素)后,不但很好地解决了蹄疾问题,还使每窝产仔数增加0.5-1.5头不等(视猪场不同管理水平而异),也就是说以年产2.25窝计算,每头存栏母猪每年可增加1.13-3.38头产仔数,这对猪场的经营是个十分可观的效益。就在笔者执笔之时,福建永定先生来电,他的猪场12月份胎产活仔数平均已经上升到13头(值得注意的是此时生产的母猪是在全年最炎热的季节配种的),而周边的猪场只能勉强达到9头左右。如此巨大的差距,大多数人只会以对方“吹牛”来给自己没把猪养好设个下台阶的机会。

RANERRUQIANSUOSHU,ZAIYIGEZHUCHANGLI,ZUIRONGYIBEIHUSHITIJIWENTIDESHISHANGPINZHUQUN,GUANLIRENYUANMEIYOUZHUYIDAODEZHANGSHIJIANJINGWOZAIDIDESHENGZHANGZHU,CHULERENSHOUQIZHANLISHI“SHIZHITONGGUIXIN”DEKUCHUWAI,YOUYUDADUOSHUZHUCHANGZHUNQUEHENGLIANGSHENGCHANXINGNENGDEKEKAOZHIBIAODEQUESHI,RIZENGZHONGJIANSHAO100-150KEDEJUDAYINXINGSUNSHIYUANWEIBEIYEZHU“GANJUEDEDAO”,SUOYIDANGFUYUANKANGHEJIANZHUANGSUDEYONGHUQISHANGPINZHU(CHAOWANTOUDEJIEGUO)SIYANGSHIJIANCONG200TIANDADAO130GONGJINBIANWEI168TIANDADAOXIANGTONGSHANGSHITIZHONG,SILIAOZHUANHUANLVCONG2.9JIANGWEI2.45SHI,JUEDADUOSHUTONGXINGDOUJUEDETAZAI“CHUINIU”,TAMENGENGMEIYOUYISHIDAOTIQIANYITIANDADAOXIANGTONGSHANGSHITIZHONGMEITOUZHUZHISHAOKEYIJIANGDI10YUANDECHENGBEN,SHAOYANG30TIANBIANKEDADAOXIANGTONGSHANGSHITIZHONG,YIWEIZHESHOUJIAXIANGTONGDEQINGKUANGXIA,MEICHUSHOUYITOUSHANGPINZHUJIANGDI300YUANDECHENGBEN,HUANYANZHI,KEDUOHUO300YUANDECHUNLIRUN。YINCI,KEXUEDIJIEJUEYUSHANGPINZHUDE“LIETI”XIANGGUANLIANDEYINGYANGWENTI,SHIYOUXIAOTIGAOSHENGCHANXINGNENG,JIANGDISIYANGCHENGBENDEJIQIZHONGYAODESHOUDUAN。

YANGZHURENYAOZUDANGOUMEIZHUROUJINKOU,YUQIMAIYUANWOMENYUMIBIBIERENGUI,BURUHUADIANXINSIYANJIUYIXIAYANGZHUCHENGBENDEDONGTAIGOUCHENG,ZHENZHENGLIJIE“DUOMAIZHU、ZAOMAIZHU、MAIHAOZHU”DESHIJIHANYI,CAIQUQIESHIYOUXIAODECUOSHIBAZHUYANGHAO。FOUZE,10NIAN―20NIANHOU,MEIYOURENNENGBAOZHENGZHONGGUODEYANGZHUYEBUHUILUNWEIDIERGEDADOUCHANYE。

4. 处理猪群蹄疾方法上的误区

由于存在上述诸多认识上的误区,在处理该类问题上同样产生不少表面似乎有道理,但却无法解决问题甚至还衍生出其它副作用的一些误区,例如有专家介绍给猪蹄患部涂抹凡士林、鱼石脂软膏、包扎绷带等隔靴搔痒的做法,还有人建议给猪穿鞋套,有些猪场甚至为了解决问题,大兴土木不惜花大本钱全部更换猪舍地板,却依然无济于事,也有以添加某些有机矿物元素或以老教科书方法盲目大量添加生物素,事实上很多猪场生物素用量已远超实际需要量10-20倍之多,却依然没有解决问题,还可能带来其它副作用,而盲目添加某些“有机矿物元素”不但不能解决问题,还导致蹄甲畸形增生、蹄底部鳞片状裂纹加重造成更大损害的现象已引起欧、美业内人士的高度关注。

RANER,GENGZHIDEYOULVDESHIDADUOSHUZHUCHANGGUANLIRENYUANXIGUANLE“WEIZHUZHIBING”DEZUOFA,“KANJIAN”LEWENTICAIXIANGBANFACHULI,ERYIDANCAIQUCUOSHIJIUXIWANG“LIGANJIANYING”、“YAODAOBINGCHU”,DENGWENTIBIAOMIANSHANGJIEJUELEJIU“TINGZHIYONGYAO”,JIEYUECHENGBEN。ZHEIZHONGSIWEIFANGSHIYEXUSHIDAOZHIZHUTIJIHUANZHANGQIFANFANFUFUDEYUANYINZHIYI,YESHIDUIYINGYANGXUEYUANLIJIZHUDETIJIASHENGZHANGDESHENGLIGUOCHENGQUEFAJIBENLEJIEDEJIEGUO。YOUYUDADUOSHUYANGZHURENWUFAPAOQIGENSHENDIKUNDE“ZHIBINGYANGZHU”GUANNIAN,YIXIGUANJIANGRENHESILIAOYIWAITIANJIADECHANPINSHIWEI“YAOWU”,YINGYANGGAINIANDEKONGBAIHUOBANKONGBAIBIRANDAOZHISHIJUENENGLIDEQUESHI,DUIMANMUCHUANGHENDEZHUTIJIHUANCAIQUSHIERBUJIANDETAIDUYIZAISUONANMIAN。

ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,FEICHUANRANXINGZHUTIJIHUANSHIQUANQIUYANGZHUYEJIEZHANGQIMIANLINDENANYIHUIZHIJIQUDEWANJI,YENEIRENSHIDUICILEIWENTIRENSHIHECHULIFANGFASHANGDEGEZHONGWUQUSHITIJIWENTIBIANDEGENGWEIFUZA,ERDUONIANDESHIJIANJIEGUOBIAOMING,JIANLIYUKEXUEYINGYANGSHEJIJICHUSHANGDEYINGYANGXINGTIANJIAJI“JIANZHUANGSU”BUDANNENGHENHAODICHEDIDUJUESHENGZHULIETIJISUIZHIKENENGFASHENGXIJUNHUOBINGDUGANRANDEFUTIWENTI,SHIYOUYUTIJIERZAOTAOTAIDEZHONGZHUJIHUWANQUANXIAOSHI,GENGYOUYUYINGYANGSUDEBUCHONGHUOPINGHENGSHIZHONGZHUDEFANZHIXINGNENGXIANZHUGAISHAN,SHISHANGPINZHUDESHENGZHUSUDUJISILIAOZHUANHUALVDAFUTIGAO,JIXIANZHUDIJIANGDIZHONGZHUHESHANGPINZHUDESIYANGCHENGBEN,TIGAOYANGZHUYEDEJINGJIXIAOYI。JIUZAIGANGGANGGUOQUDELIANGZHOUQIAN,ZHUANCHENGCONGDANMAILAIGUANGDONGZHUYEBOLANHUIZUOXUESHUBAOGAODEDANMAIGUOJIASHOUYIYANJIUSUOUttenthalJIAOSHOUZAIGUANGDONGXINQIAOKEJIGONGSIDEZHANWEISHANGKANDAOXIANCHANGPAIDAODEJIANKANGZHUTIZHAOPIAN,BUGANXIANGXINZHEIGEZHANGQIKUNRAOQUANQIUYANGZHURENDENANTI,JURANBEIZHONGGUOZHUANJIAZHEIYANGYUANMANDIJIEJUELE。

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