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学术与应用

小裂蹄引发的大问题

【来源】信桥公司 【作者】信桥技术部 【日期】2017-02-10 【关键词】福源康,保健药物,饲料添加

盛夏季节,气温高达35—36℃,某存栏300多头的肉猪场,部分大猪(约200斤左右)精神沉郁、喜卧、食欲减退或废绝,轻度喘气,全身皮肤潮红,个别猪卧地侧皮肤出现暗红色淤血斑,当猪起身活动后,淤血斑可消褪(图一)这时给病猪群肌注药物,发现流出的血液呈暗红色或紫黑色,猪蹄冠与皮肤结合处出现白色透明状带(图二)

但未发现水泡及糜烂。口腔及鼻面也未见明显病变,全场共有猪栏32个,每栏猪10只,其中2栏猪有明显症状,发病第二天共死亡3只,大部分发病猪同时伴有不同程度的裂蹄症状(图三、图四)。

检查免疫档案,发现该猪群2个月前已进行过二次五号病多肽疫苗加倍量肌注,每次间隔20天。于是采取以下措施:全群猪添加福源康1千克/吨拌料,饮水添加电解多维+黄芪多糖。猪群约经2周后,精神食欲恢复正常(病情也只局限于最初发病的2栏,并未全场蔓延)。时隔半个月,距离200米左右的另一存栏200头肉猪场(体重约为220斤)也发生类似情况,经查阅免疫记录,该猪群3个月前进行过一次五号病多肽苗双倍量注射,临床检查发现,大部分发病猪也有蹄匣开裂情况(图五、六)。

CAIQUTONGSHANGCHANGDEZHILIAOCUOSHI,BINGPEIHEGELIBINGZHU,JIANSHAOMIDU,ZENGJIAFENGSHANTONGFENGDENGGAISHANSIYANGGUANLICUOSHI,WUCHUXIANSIWANGBINGLI,BANGEYUEHOUJINGSHENSHIYUHUIFUZHENGCHANG。CONGYISHANGBINGLIDELIUXINGBINGXUEJILINCHUANGZHENGZHUANGFENXI,CHUBUZHENDUANWEIBINGDUXINGXINJIYAN,DANDAODISHIHEZHONGBINGDUGANRAN,XUYAOZUOJINYIBUDEBINGDUFENLIHUOJIANCECAINENGQUEZHEN。

TAOLUN:

1、ZHONG、ROUZHUTIXIAKAILIEDEQINGKUANGSHIFENPUBIAN,QIEJINNIANYOURIQUYANZHONGZHISHI。YOUCIZAOCHENGDEZHONG、ROUZHUSHENGCHANXINGNENGXIAJIANG,RIZENGZHONGJIANSHAO,SILIAOBAOCHOUBIANCHADENGSUNSHI,JUXIANGGUANZHUANYERENSHIGUJI,ZHONGZHUMEINIANMEITOUKEZHIJIESUNSHI200YUANYISHANG,ROUZHUMEITOU80YUANZUOYOU,ERYINLIETICHUXIANDESHANGKOU,DAOZHIPUTAOQIUJUN、WUHAOBINGDENGBINGYUANRUQIN,ZAOCHENGGENGDADESUNSHI,ZHEIXIEFANGMIANDEWENTIQUEWEIYINQIYANGZHURENDEZHONGSHI,BENWENJIESHAODELIANGGEBINGLIJIUSHUYUZHEIZHONGQINGKUANG。

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4、YIBANRENWEI,GAOWENJIZIWAIXIANJUNNENGSHAMIEKOUTIYIBINGDU,KOUTIYIDELIUXINGYIMEINIANDEQIUMOCHUNCHUCHANGJIAN,XIATIANSHAOFA。DANJINNIANDEGUANCHAFAXIAN,DANGHUANJINGWENDUFASHENGJUBIAN,RURUXIACHUQIDETUFAXINGGAOWENQIHOUFABINGLVGAO,TEBIESHIMUQIANYANGZHUCHANGDASHENGTAIHUANJINGEHUA,ZHUQUNMIANYIGONGNENGPUBIANCHUYUWENLUANZHUANGTAIBEIJINGXIA,ZHUWUHAOBINGCHENGCHANGNIANFABINGDETAISHI,YOUXIEZHUCHANGJISHIANGUICHENGDUIZHUQUNZUOLE2CIDEDUIYINGYIMIAOJIEZHONG,RENGYOUKENENGFABING,DANMIANYIGUODEZHUQUNFABINGLV、ZHENGZHUANGDEQINGZHONG,KANGFUSHIJIANDENGDOUMINGXIANYOUYUFEIMIANYIZHUQUN,YIQIANDUOJIANYUZIZHUDEEXINGKOUTIYI(YIHUBANXINWEIBIAOXIANDECHUXUEHUAISIXINGXINJIYAN),XIANZAIZHONG、DAZHUZHONGYEJINGCHANGJIANDAO,ZHEITISHIWOMEN,ZHANGDALEDEDAZHUQIMIANYINENGLIBINGWEISUISHENGZHANGCHENGSHUERZENGQIANG,ERRENGCHUYUYIZHONGMIANYIDIXIADEZHUANGTAI。

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(1)提高猪群非特异性主动免疫功能,如使用免疫调节剂“福源康A”,就能有效激活动物自身的免疫系统,解除免疫麻痹。只有在猪群体较健康的状态下接种疫苗,才能收到好的免疫效果。而猪群解除亚健康,恢复到正常健康状态的其中一个重要标志就是泪斑消失。图七是使用福源康前大部分母猪,可观察到明显泪斑。图八是使用福源康1.5月后泪斑消失。

(2)WUHAOBINGYIMIAOYINGCHANGNIANJIEZHONG,YOUYUKOUTIYIMIAOSHIMIEHUOMIAO,YIMIAOZHONGKANGYUANHANLIANGDEGAODIYUMIANYIXIAOGUOCHENGZHENGXIANGGUAN,GAODUANKOUTIYIMIAOKANGYUANLIANG8BEINONGSUO,SHIYONGXIAOGUOJIAOHAO,YIBANYAOQIUMEIZHUMEINIANMIANYIERCI。YOUGUOJIAMIANFEITIGONGDENONGSUOMIAOMEIZHUMEINIANMIANYISANCI。ZHUKOUTIYIMIEHUOYIMIAODUZHUXUANZEYOUOXINGHEAXING,DIAOCHAFAXIAN,MUQIANLIUXINGDERENGYIOXINGWEIZHU,QIZHONGHANMIANDIAN98ZHUDEOXINGKOUTIYIMIAOJUSHUONENGTIGONG70%—80%DEBAOHU,SUOYIZAIXUANZEYIMIAODUZHUSHI,ZUIHAONENGBAOHANGAIDUZHUZAINEI。AXINGCHENGSANFAXING,GECHANGYINGGENJUBENSHENSHIJIQINGKUANGZUOCHUXUANZE。

6、WOGUODONGWUFANGYIFAGUIDING,KOUTIYISHUYUYILEIDONGWUYIBING,FASHENGYIQINGDEZHUCHANG,FANJINGYOUZIZHIDEZHUANYEJIGOUQUEZHENWEIKOUTIYIDE,CHANGNEISUOYOUZHUZHIJUNXUZUOWUHAIHUACHULI。SUOYI,YUFANGGAIBINGDEFASHENGXIANDETEBIEZHONGYAO。RUGUOZHUQUNFASHENGSHANGWEIQUEZHENDEYISIXIANGGUANZHENGZHUANGJIBING,CONGJIANSHAOSUNSHIDEJIAODUYINGZUORUXIACHULI:

(1)GELIYISIBINGZHU,JIANSHAOCHUANBOJIHUI

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(3)KOUTIYIBINGDUDUISUANLEIHEJIANLEIXIAODUYAOSHIFENMINGAN,DANDUIFENLEI、JIUJINGDENGBUMINGAN,KEYIXUANYONG2—4%SHAOJIAN,0.2—0.5%GUOYANGYISUAN,1%QIANGLIXIAODULING(ZHUYAOCHENGFENWEIERLVYIQINGNIAOSUANNA)JINXINGXIAODU,YOUYUZHEIXIEXIAODUYAOCIJIXING、FUSHIXINGDA,SHIYONGSHIYINGZHUYIBIMIANZHIJIEJIECHUZHUPIFU,ZUIHAOSHIZAIKONGLANHUOZOUDAOSHANGPENSA,YOURENZAIFABINGZHULAN(DAIZHUZHUANGTAI)ZHIJIESAFANGSHIHUIFENDEZUOFABUTUO,SHIHUIDEQIANGJIANXINGHUIZHUOSHANGZHUJIAO,JIAZHONGBINGQING。

(4)KANGJUNSUDUIBINGDUWUXIAO,WEIKONGZHIJIFAXINGXIJUNGANRAN,DUIYOUYANZHONGZHENGZHUANGZHUZHIKEXIAOCISHUZHENGCHANGJILIANGZHUSHEGUANGPUKANGJUNSU(RUTOUBAOLEI)+KANGBINGDUYAOWU(RUHUANGSHIDUOTANG),DANBUYIDAJILIANGZHUSHEQIANGCIJIXINGDEYAOWU(RUQINGMEISUDENG),YIMIANJIAZHONGXINSHUAIZHENGZHUANG。TONGYANGDI,DUINENGJIANGDIJITIMIANYINENGLIDEYAOWURUANJIBILIN、ANNAIJIN、DIMIDENGYEYINGSHENYONG。FOUZE,HUIZAOCHENGSIWANGLVZENGJIAHUOBINGCHENGYANZHANG。

(5)JIAQIANGBINGZHUDEHULI,DUITIZAOKANGFUZHIGUANZHONGYAO,DUIXINGDONGBUBIANDEZHUZHI,MEITIANYONGLEIFONUER(HUANGYAOSHUI)HUOJUWEITONGDIANQINGXIHUANCHU2—3CI,BASILIAOJIYINSHUIDUANZHIZUIBIANSIWEI,KEMINGXIANJIASUKANGFU。

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